Research Commons

Browsing by Author "Cunningham, Sally Jo"

Research Commons

Browsing by Author "Cunningham, Sally Jo"

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  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2014)
    As researchers retire or pass away, the online record of their work and their research careers begins to fragment and fade away. We begin with case studies of four New Zealand Humanities researchers, nearing or at the ends ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bainbridge, David; Ali, Hasan (ISMIR, 2014)
    This paper builds an understanding of how music is currently experienced by a social group travelling together in a car - how songs are chosen for playing, how music both reflects and influences the group’s mood and social ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Heese, Ralf (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 2013)
    Library users should be conveniently interact with collections and be able to easily choose books of interest as they explore and browse a physical book collection. While there exists a growing body of naturalistic studies ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Mahoui, Malika (ACM, 2013)
    There is growing interest by digital collection providers to engage collection users in interacting with the collection (e.g. by tagging or annotating collection contents) and with the collection organizers and other users ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2013)
    Cooking is a common and an information-intensive activity. We analyze a set of 678 cooking-related queries to identify the attributes that cooks provide in their queries to the Google AnswersTM ‘ask an expert’ online ...
  • McKay, Dana; Buchanan, George; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika (ACM, 2012)
    Digital library research has demonstrated the impact of content presentation on both search and reading behaviours. In this paper, we scrutinise the influence of ebook presentation on user behaviour, focussing on document ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Downie, J. Stephen (2012)
    This paper explores the impact of the MIREX (Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange) evaluation initiative on scholarly research. Impact is assessed through a bibliometric evaluation of both the MIREX extended ...
  • Hinze, Annika; McKay, Dana; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2012)
    Little is known about how readers select books, whether they be print books or ebooks. In this paper we present a study of how people select physical books from academic library shelves. We use the insights gained into ...
  • Bainbridge, David; Novak, Brook Jesse; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer-Verlag, 2012)
    We describe the design, development, and evaluation of a personal digital music library application designed to assist musicians in capturing, developing, and managing their musical ideas over time. The target user group ...
  • McKay, Dana; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer-Verlag, 2012)
    Academic libraries have offered ebooks for some time, however little is known about how readers interact with them while making relevance decisions. In this paper we seek to address that gap by analyzing ebook transaction ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (Wiley, 2012)
    Finding a good book can be difficult, particularly for young readers. This paper adds to our understanding of how children select books for recreational reading by exploring the ‘native’ strategies (both successful and ...
  • Liikkanen, Lassi; Amos, Christopher; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen; McDonald, David (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012)
    The ubiquity of music consumption is overarching. Statistics for digital music sales, streaming video videos, computer games, and illegal sharing all speak of a huge interest. At the same, an incredible amount of data about ...
  • Timpany, Claire; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Vanderschantz, Nicholas (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 2012)
    While there exist a small but growing body of naturalistic studies of collaborative searching and browsing in digital collections, the corresponding literature on behavior in the physical stacks is surprisingly sparse. ...
  • Nichols, David M.; Twidale, Michael B.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2012)
    The open access movement has highlighted the barriers that exist for users to gain access to significant portions of the research literature. The open data approach seeks to extend the principles of open access to the data ...
  • Bahiss, Khadija; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Smith, Tony C. (ACM, 2011)
    Teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) tend to be socially isolated due to the interpersonal challenges of autism, yet they enjoy using computers. This study investigated the hypothesis that social networking sites ...
  • Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)
    This article describes a software environment called the Exchange Center that helps digital librarians manage the workflow of sourcing documents and metadata from various repositories. The software is built on Greenstone ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2011)
    Finding a good book can be difficult, particularly for young readers. This paper adds to our understanding of how children select books for recreational reading by exploring the ‘native’ strategies (both successful and ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (2011)
    While Greenstone is a versatile tool for creating and managing digital collections, its interface is not well suited for senior users. As we age, our usability requirements for software change; the mismatch between interfaces ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (2011)
    This paper describes a ‘cultural probe’ study underpinning a user-centered re-design of the Greenstone digital library system's collection creation sub-system (the Greenstone ‘Librarian’), with a focus on assisting seniors ...
  • Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Timpany, Claire; McKay, Dana (CHISIG, 2011)
    Little is known about how people select ebooks or books. This paper reports initial results of a study in which we observe patrons of two libraries when selecting books. From the results of the study we aim to gain insights ...
  • Bainbridge, David; Novak, Brook Jesse; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2010)
    We describe the evaluation of a personal digital library environment designed to help musicians capture, enrich and store their ideas using a spatial hypermedia paradigm. The target user group is musicians who primarily ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2010)
    The majority of studies examining privacy concerns of Internet users are based on surveys. Many problems have, however, been identified with using surveys to measure people’s privacy concerns. Based on our experience from ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010)
    We explore music search behavior by identifying music-related queries in a large (over 20 million queries) search engine log, gathered over three months in 2006. Music searching is a significant information behavior: ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood; Adams, Anne (2010)
    Technological developments now allow community groups, clubs, and even ordinary individuals to create their own, publicly accessible online digital multi-media collections. However, it is unclear as to whether the users ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bydder, Jillene (ACM, 2009)
    We are in the early stages of developing a unique physical and digital record of New Zealand's early experience of the Internet.
  • Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2009)
    The information we encounter in modern life, in developed countries, is a hybrid of the physical and the digital. Personal archiving tools allow users to capture and retrieve aspects of their everyday lives in digital form. ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2009)
    This paper builds an understanding how music is currently listened to by small (fewer than 10 individuals) to medium-sized (10 to 40 individuals) gatherings of people— how songs are chosen for playing, how the music fits ...
  • Shannon, Grant; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2009)
    The physical environment of a classroom—how space is organized and controlled—impacts the use of technology within that setting. This paper presents the initial rationale for choosing an interactive whiteboard (IWB) as the ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2008)
    At present very little is known about how people locate and view videos. This study draws a rich picture of everyday video seeking strategies and video information needs, based on an ethnographic study of New Zealand ...
  • Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer, Berlin, 2008)
    This paper examines the effect of the default interface language on the usage of a bilingual digital library. In 2005 the default interface language of a bilingual digital library was alternated on a monthly basis between ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hutter, Manuela (ACM, 2008)
    In this paper, we investigate how young children aged 2 to 5 interact with music and their family's music collections. By going into their homes, interviewing them and their parents and observing the children performing a ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Zhang, Edmond Yiwen (9th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, 2008)
    Software development for children is challenging; children have their own needs, which often are not met by ‘grown up’ software. We focus on software for playing songs and managing a music collection—tasks that children ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (Springer, 2008)
    A streaming collage visualization of images extracted from the collection’s documents has been proposed as an effective tool for gaining a comprehensive overview of a digital library collection (“collection understanding”). ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Will, Andrew (ACM, 2008)
    Electric hand driers have the potential to improve sanitation when using public toilets; if used properly, electric driers can dry hands more thoroughly than towels, and users do not come into physical contact with potentially ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (ACM, 2008)
    At present very little is known about how people locate and view videos 'in the wild'. This study draws a rich picture of everyday video seeking strategies and video information needs, based on an ethnographic study of New ...
  • Adams, Anne; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2007)
    Digital libraries are quickly being adopted by the masses. Technological developments now allow community groups, clubs, and even ordinary individuals to create their own, publicly accessible collections. However, users ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (ACM, 2007)
    At present, little evidence is available about how people want to interact with their photos in a personal photo digital library. Analysis of a set of 22 user needs summaries and critiques of existing photo management ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; McKay, Dana (2007)
    This paper explores how we, as individuals, purposefully or serendipitously encounter 'new music' (that is, music that we haven’t heard before) and relates these behaviours to music information retrieval activities such ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (Springer, 2007)
    We examine the ‘native’ metadata and organizational structures that individuals create for their personal photo digital libraries, by analyzing the behaviour of photo collectors as recorded in 37 autoethnographies and ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Falconer, Annette (2006)
    This paper presents an analysis of how people construct playlists and mixes. Interviews with practitioners and postings made to a web site are analyzed using a grounded theory approach to extract themes and categorizations. ...
  • Lee, Jin Ha; Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2005)
    Understanding and meeting the needs of a broad range of music users across different cultures and languages are central in designing a global music digital library. This exploratory study examines cross-cultural/multilingual ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen; Bainbridge, David (2005)
    The paper presents a grounded theory analysis of 395 user responses to the survey question, "What is the worst song ever?" Important factors uncovered include: lyric quality, the "earworm" effect, voice quality, the influence ...
  • Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2005)
    This paper examines user choice of interface language in a bi-language digital library(English and Maori, the language of the indigenous people of New Zealand)/ the majority of collection documents are in Maori, and the ...
  • Jaballah, Imene; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H. (Springer, 2005)
    This paper presents a desktop system for managing personal documents. The documents can be of many types—text, spreadsheets, images, multimedia—and are organized in a personal “digital library”. The interface supports ...
  • Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004)
    This article explores the role visual browsing can play within a digital music library. The context to the work is provided through a review of related techniques drawn from the fields of digital libraries and human computer ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Jones, Matt; Jones, Steve (2004)
    Current research on music information retrieval and music digital libraries focuses on providing access to huge, public music collections. In this paper we consider a different, but related, problem: supporting an individual ...
  • Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004)
    Greenstone is an open source digital library system that has developed and matured since its inception in 1995. Today it is used in over 60 countries, with a strong emphasis on humanitarian aid. The software is also used ...
  • Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Don, Katherine J. (2004)
    In this paper we investigate the effect of default interface language on usage patterns of the Niupepa digital library (a collection of historic Māori language newspapers), by switching the default interface language between ...
  • Deo, Shaleen; Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H.; Trujillo, Maria F. (2004)
    The problems that illiteracy poses in accessing information are gaining attention from the research community. Issues currently being explored include developing an understanding of the barriers to information acquisition ...
  • Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Benton, Richard (2004)
    This paper presents results from extensive surveys of the usage of Maori language on the World Wide Web(www, Web) conducted in 1998 and 2002. Issues both supportive and detrimental relating to the use and publication of ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; Jones, Matt; Bainbridge, David; Cantlon, Polly; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Taylor & Francis Group, 2004)
    Digital library technologies have a great deal to offer to creative, design communities. They can enable large collections of text, images, music, video and other information objects to be organised and accessed in interesting ...
  • Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002)
    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information ...
  • Apperley, Mark; Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H. (Auckland University Press, Auckland, New Zealand, 2002)
    Although any collection of historical newspapers provides a particularly rich and valuable record of events and social and political commentary, the content tends to be difficult to access and extremely time-consuming to ...
  • Apperley, Mark; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Witten, Ian H. (2001)
    Niupepa is a collection of 42 newspaper titles published in New Zealand from 1842-1933, comprising a total of 21,000 pages in 1,750 issues. This collection forms a unique historical record of the language of the indigenous ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Knowles, Chris; Reeves, Nina (ACM, 2001)
    In this paper we describe the results of an ethnographic study of the information behaviourss of university technical support workers and their information needs. The study looked at how the group identified, located and ...
  • Mahoui, Malika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 2000)
    Transaction logs are invaluable sources of fine-grained information about users’ search behavior. This paper compares the searching behavior of users across two WWW-accessible digital libraries: the New Zealand Digital ...
  • Paynter, Gordon W.; Witten, Ian H.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Buchanan, George (ACM, 2000)
    Phrase browsing techniques use phrases extracted automatically from a large information collection as a basis for browsing and accessing it. This paper describes a case study that uses an automatically constructed phrase ...
  • Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Apperley, Mark (1999)
    This paper describes the building of a digital library collection of historic newspapers. The newspapers (Niupepa in Maori), which were published in New Zealand during the period 1842 to 1933, form a unique historical ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; Frank, Eibe; Trigg, Leonard E.; Hall, Mark A.; Holmes, Geoffrey; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1999)
    The Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (Weka) is a comprehensive suite of Java class libraries that implement many state-of-the-art machine learning and data mining algorithms. Weka is freely available on the ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; McNab, Rodger J.; Jones, Steve; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Apperley, Mark (1999)
    As the capabilities of distributed digital libraries increase, managing organizational and software complexity becomes a key issue. How can collections and indexes be updated without impacting queries currently in progress? ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (IEEE Computer Society, 1999)
    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket ...
  • Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998)
    We describe a multimedia, WWW-based oral history collection constructed from off-the-shelf or publicly available software. The source materials for the collection include audio tapes of interviews and summary transcripts ...
  • Jones, Steve; Cunningham, Sally Jo; McNab, Rodger J. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998)
    As experimental digital library testbeds gain wider acceptance and develop significant user bases, it becomes important to investigate the ways in which users interact with the systems in practice. Transaction logs are one ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; McNab, Rodger J.; Jones, Steve; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Apperley, Mark (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998)
    Managing the organizational and software complexity of a comprehensive digital library presents a significant challenge. Different library collections each have their own distinctive features. Different presentation languages ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; McNab, Rodger J.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1998)
    The New Zealand digital library aims to impose structure on anarchic and uncataloged repositories of information providing information consumers with effective tools to locate and peruse what they need. Our goal is to ...
  • Holmes, Geoffrey; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Dela Rue, B. T.; Bollen, A. F. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998)
    Many models have been used to describe the influence of internal or external factors on apple bruising. Few of these have addressed the application of derived relationships to the evaluation of commercial operations. From ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Littin, James; Witten, Ian H. (1997)
    Information retrieval systems provide access to collections of thousands, or millions, of documents, from which, by providing an appropriate description, users can recover any one. Typically, users iteratively refine the ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996)
    The Internet offers a host of high-quality research material in computer science-and, unfortunately, some very low quality resources as well. As part of learning the research process, students should be taught to critically ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996)
    As the field of machine learning (ML) matures, two types of data archives are developing: collections of benchmark data sets used to test the performance of new algorithms, and data stores to which machine learning/data ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Humphrey, Matthew C.; Witten, Ian H. (1996)
    Researchers in machine learning use decision trees, production rules, and decision graphs for visualizing classification data. Part I of this paper surveyed these representations, paying particular attention to their ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996)
    One powerful technique for supporting creativity in design is analogy: drawing similarities between seemingly unrelated objects taken from different domain. A case study is presented in which fractal images serve as a ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Dillon, Stuart M. (1996)
    This paper examines the patterns of multiple authorship in five information systems journals. Specifically, we determine the distribution of the number of authors per paper in this field, the proportion of male and female ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Humphrey, Matthew C.; Witten, Ian H. (1996)
    The aim of many machine learning users is to comprehend the structures that are inferred from a dataset, and such users may be far more interested in understanding the structure of their data than in predicting the outcome ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996)
    Because digital libraries are expensive to create and maintain, Internet analogs of public libraries-reliable, quality, community services-have only recently begun to appear. A serious obstacle to their creation is the ...
  • Rogers, Bill; Treweek, Phillip; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996)
    The development of complex Information Systems requires the use of many Information Systems engineering tools. These diverse tools need to be integrated in order to be effectively used by multiple cooperating developers. ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Williams, Warren (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    MUDs (Multi-User Dungeons) are text-based, multi-user communication and modelling programs. This paper investigates the potential of a popular extensible MUD, the LambdaMOO system, as a tool for second language training ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    The theory of information retrieval has generally been taught in theory: it has been difficult to provide students with hands-on experience with retrieval engines incorporating many IR topics such as relevance ranking, ...
  • McNab, Rodger J.; Smith, Lloyd A.; Witten, Ian H.; Henderson, Clare L.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    Music is traditionally retrieved by title, composer or subject classification. It is possible, with current technology, to retrieve music from a database on the basis of a few notes sung or hummed into a microphone. This ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Holmes, Geoffrey (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    Effective written communication skills are recognized as essential for computing professions, but are notoriously difficult to impart to our students. One problem in teaching computing students to write may be their attitudes ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    Digital libraries are expensive to create and maintain, and generally restricted to a particular corporation or group of paying subscribers. While many indexes to the World Wide Web are freely available, the quality of ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Summers, Brent (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    This paper describes an experiment in applying standard supervised machine learning algorithms (C4.5 and Induct) to the problem of developing subject classification rules for documents. These algorithms are found to produce ...
  • Garner, Stephen R.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Holmes, Geoffrey; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Witten, Ian H. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    The Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (weka) is a New Zealand government-sponsored initiative to investigate the application of machine learning to economically important problems in the agricultural industries. ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Vallabh, Mahendra (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    A large amount of research literature has recently become available on the Internet through "digital libraries". This migration of information from paper to electronic media promises to have a huge impact on the way that ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    A synchronous study has been performed on four years of the International Conference on Information systems (ICIS) proceedings, to determine the obsolescence rate for the field of information systems (as reflected in the ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Empson, Nic; Kamau, Rawinia (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    The field of bibliometrics provides a set of quantitative methods for understanding how scientific information is created and disseminated by examining the structure, rather than the content, of subject documents. Bibliographic ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    Information has become an important commercial commodity-indeed, possibly the most important product of the future. While we have well-developed technologies to store data, the analysis to extract information is time-consuming ...
  • Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bocock, David (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    A multisynchronous obsolescence study has been performed on two computing journals that publish on technical aspects of computer system management (networks and operating systems). This area of computer science is found ...
  • Witten, Ian H.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Vallabh, Mahendra; Bell, Timothy C. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995)
    A large amount of computing literature has become available over the Internet, as university departments and research institutions have made their technical reports, preprints, and theses available electronically. Access ...
  • Rogers, Bill; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Holmes, Geoffrey (1994)
    An interface is described for graphically navigating a large collection of documents, as in a library. Its design is based on the metaphor of traversing a landscape. Documents are depicted as buildings, clustered to form ...

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