Now showing items 1-100 of 106

  • Low-cost semantic enhancement to digital library metadata and indexing: simple yet effective strategies

    Hinze, Annika; Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (ACM, 2016)
    Most existing digital libraries use traditional lexically-based retrieval techniques. For established systems, completely replacing, or even making significant changes to the document retrieval mechanism (document analysis, ...
  • Semantic Bookworm: mining literary resources revisited

    Hinze, Annika; Coleman, Michael; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (ACM, 2016)
    In this paper, we describe Semantic Bookworm-a tool that supports scholarly text analysis. In contrast to the text-based Bookworm tool, the Semantic Bookworm identifies semantic concepts.
  • Personal video collection management behavior

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bowen, Judy (ACM, 2016)
    Video content typically consumes more storage space and bandwidth than other document types although users structure their content with the same organisational tools they use for smaller and simpler items. We analyze the ...
  • A scientometric analysis of 15 years of CHINZ conferences

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2015)
    CHINZ is the annual conference of the New Zealand Chapter of the Special Interest Group for Computer-Human Interaction (SIGCHI) of the ACM. In this paper we analyse the history of CHINZ through citations, authorship and ...
  • Digital news resources: An autoethnographic study of news encounters

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Hinze, Annika; Bowen, Judy (Springer, 2015)
    We analyze a set of 35 autoethnographies of news encounters, created by students in New Zealand. These comprise rich descriptions of the news sources, modalities, topics of interest, and news ‘routines’ by which the students ...
  • Investigating the use of activity trackers to observe high-risk work environments

    Bowen, Judy; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Parker, Richard (Department of Computer Science, The University of Waikato, 2015)
    The New Zealand forestry industry has the country's highest rate of workplace fatalities. The reasons are not well studied or understood and no large-scale systematic physical and physiological data has been recorded to ...
  • Eliciting usage contexts of safety-critical medical devices

    Bowen, Judy; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika; Jung, Doris; Reeves, Steve (Department of Computer Science, The University of Waikato, 2014)
    This position paper outlines our approach to improve the usage choice of suitable devices in different health care environments (contexts). Safety-critical medical devices are presumed to have undergone a thorough ...
  • Family visits to libraries and bookshops: observations and implications for digital libraries

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer, 2014)
    This paper explores how families select books for leisure reading. We recruited 17 families (adults and children) for this study, and spent time with each in both bookshops and public libraries. Our research aims to add ...
  • Shared reading of children's interactive picture books

    Timpany, Claire; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Wright, Kristy (Springer, 2014)
    We report on a study of children and parents shared reading of interactive printed books. We investigated the differences between books with interactive features and books with expressive typography in order to evaluate ...
  • Personal digital libraries: Keeping track of academic reading material

    Al-Anazi, Mohammed; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer, 2014)
    This paper discusses optionsfor tracking academic reading material and introduces a personal digital library solution. We combined and extended the open source projects Zotero and Greenstone such that material can be easily ...
  • Ten years of MIREX: reflections, challenges and opportunities

    Downie, J. Stephen; Hu, Xiao; Lee, Jin Ha; Choi, Kahyun; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hao, Yun (ISMIR, 2014)
    The Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange (MIREX) has been run annually since 2005, with the October 2014 plenary marking its tenth iteration. By 2013, MIREX has evaluated approximately 2000 individual music ...
  • Social music in cars

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M.; Bainbridge, David; Ali, Hasan (ISMIR, 2014)
    This paper builds an understanding of how music is currently experienced by a social group travelling together in a car - how songs are chosen for playing, how music both reflects and influences the group’s mood and social ...
  • Online legacy preservation for humanities researchers

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2014)
    As researchers retire or pass away, the online record of their work and their research careers begins to fragment and fade away. We begin with case studies of four New Zealand Humanities researchers, nearing or at the ends ...
  • A log analysis study of 10 years of ebook consumption in academic library collections

    Littlewood, Haley; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer, 2014)
    Even though libraries have been offering eBooks for more than a decade, very little is known about eBook access and consumption in academic library collections. This paper addresses this gap with a log analysis study of ...
  • Sometimes the Internet reads the question wrong: children’s search strategies & difficulties

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ASIST, 2014)
    When children search for information on a given topic, how do they go about searching for and retrieving information? What can their information seeking strategies tell us about the development of search interfaces for ...
  • Browsing and book selection in the physical library shelves

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Alqurashi, Hayat; Hinze, Annika; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Heese, Ralf (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 2013-02)
    Library users should be conveniently interact with collections and be able to easily choose books of interest as they explore and browse a physical book collection. While there exists a growing body of naturalistic studies ...
  • Interacting with and through a digital library collection: commenting behavior in Flickr's the commons

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Mahoui, Malika (ACM, 2013)
    There is growing interest by digital collection providers to engage collection users in interacting with the collection (e.g. by tagging or annotating collection contents) and with the collection organizers and other users ...
  • An analysis of cooking queries: Implications for supporting leisure cooking

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (2013)
    Cooking is a common and an information-intensive activity. We analyze a set of 678 cooking-related queries to identify the attributes that cooks provide in their queries to the Google AnswersTM ‘ask an expert’ online ...
  • A spatial hypertext-based, personal digital library for capturing and organizing musical moments

    Bainbridge, David; Novak, Brook Jesse; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer-Verlag, 2012)
    We describe the design, development, and evaluation of a personal digital music library application designed to assist musicians in capturing, developing, and managing their musical ideas over time. The target user group ...
  • The impact of MIREX on scholarly research (2005-2010)

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Downie, J. Stephen (2012)
    This paper explores the impact of the MIREX (Music Information Retrieval Evaluation eXchange) evaluation initiative on scholarly research. Impact is assessed through a bibliometric evaluation of both the MIREX extended ...
  • Judging a book by its cover: interface elements that affect reader selection of ebooks

    McKay, Dana; Buchanan, George; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hinze, Annika (ACM, 2012)
    Digital library research has demonstrated the impact of content presentation on both search and reading behaviours. In this paper, we scrutinise the influence of ebook presentation on user behaviour, focussing on document ...
  • An exploration of ebook selection behavior in academic library collections

    McKay, Dana; Hinze, Annika; Heese, Ralf; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer-Verlag, 2012)
    Academic libraries have offered ebooks for some time, however little is known about how readers interact with them while making relevance decisions. In this paper we seek to address that gap by analyzing ebook transaction ...
  • Metadatapedia: A proposal for aggregating metadata on data archiving

    Nichols, David M.; Twidale, Michael B.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2012)
    The open access movement has highlighted the barriers that exist for users to gain access to significant portions of the research literature. The open data approach seeks to extend the principles of open access to the data ...
  • Music interaction research in HCI

    Liikkanen, Lassi; Amos, Christopher; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen; McDonald, David (Association for Computing Machinery (ACM), 2012)
    The ubiquity of music consumption is overarching. Statistics for digital music sales, streaming video videos, computer games, and illegal sharing all speak of a huge interest. At the same, an incredible amount of data about ...
  • Book selection behavior in the physical library: implications for ebook collections

    Hinze, Annika; McKay, Dana; Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Timpany, Claire; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2012)
    Little is known about how readers select books, whether they be print books or ebooks. In this paper we present a study of how people select physical books from academic library shelves. We use the insights gained into ...
  • Children in the physical collection: Implications for the digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (Wiley, 2012)
    Finding a good book can be difficult, particularly for young readers. This paper adds to our understanding of how children select books for recreational reading by exploring the ‘native’ strategies (both successful and ...
  • How children find books for leisure reading: implications for the digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2011)
    Finding a good book can be difficult, particularly for young readers. This paper adds to our understanding of how children select books for recreational reading by exploring the ‘native’ strategies (both successful and ...
  • A workflow for document level interoperability

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2011)
    This article describes a software environment called the Exchange Center that helps digital librarians manage the workflow of sourcing documents and metadata from various repositories. The software is built on Greenstone ...
  • How to take a book off the shelf: Learning about ebooks from using a physical library

    Vanderschantz, Nicholas; Hinze, Annika; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Timpany, Claire; McKay, Dana (CHISIG, 2011)
    Little is known about how people select ebooks or books. This paper reports initial results of a study in which we observe patrons of two libraries when selecting books. From the results of the study we aim to gain insights ...
  • Investigating the usability of social networking sites for teenagers with autism

    Bahiss, Khadija; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Smith, Tony C. (ACM, 2011)
    Teenagers with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) tend to be socially isolated due to the interpersonal challenges of autism, yet they enjoy using computers. This study investigated the hypothesis that social networking sites ...
  • Usability of Greenstone's ‘Librarian’ to create and maintain a digital library: The case of senior users

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (2011)
    While Greenstone is a versatile tool for creating and managing digital collections, its interface is not well suited for senior users. As we age, our usability requirements for software change; the mismatch between interfaces ...
  • Tailoring the Greenstone ‘Librarian’ for seniors: Eliciting metadata and browsing structures

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (2011)
    This paper describes a ‘cultural probe’ study underpinning a user-centered re-design of the Greenstone digital library system's collection creation sub-system (the Greenstone ‘Librarian’), with a focus on assisting seniors ...
  • A search engine log analysis of music-related web searching

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David (Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg, 2010)
    We explore music search behavior by identifying music-related queries in a large (over 20 million queries) search engine log, gathered over three months in 2006. Music searching is a significant information behavior: ...
  • Privacy issues for online personal photograph collections

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood; Adams, Anne (2010)
    Technological developments now allow community groups, clubs, and even ordinary individuals to create their own, publicly accessible online digital multi-media collections. However, it is unclear as to whether the users ...
  • Analyzing users’ behaviour to identify their privacy concerns

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2010)
    The majority of studies examining privacy concerns of Internet users are based on surveys. Many problems have, however, been identified with using surveys to measure people’s privacy concerns. Based on our experience from ...
  • A user-centered design of a personal digital library for music exploration

    Bainbridge, David; Novak, Brook Jesse; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2010)
    We describe the evaluation of a personal digital library environment designed to help musicians capture, enrich and store their ideas using a spatial hypermedia paradigm. The target user group is musicians who primarily ...
  • Exploring social music behaviour: An investigation of music selection at parties

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2009)
    This paper builds an understanding how music is currently listened to by small (fewer than 10 individuals) to medium-sized (10 to 40 individuals) gatherings of people— how songs are chosen for playing, how the music fits ...
  • Impact of classroom design on interactive whiteboard use in a special needs classroom

    Shannon, Grant; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2009)
    The physical environment of a classroom—how space is organized and controlled—impacts the use of technology within that setting. This paper presents the initial rationale for choosing an interactive whiteboard (IWB) as the ...
  • The use of paper in everyday student life

    Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2009)
    The information we encounter in modern life, in developed countries, is a hybrid of the physical and the digital. Personal archiving tools allow users to capture and retrieve aspects of their everyday lives in digital form. ...
  • A mixed digital / physical snapshot of early internet / web usage in New Zealand

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bydder, Jillene (ACM, 2009)
    We are in the early stages of developing a unique physical and digital record of New Zealand's early experience of the Internet.
  • Finding video on the web

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (2008-02)
    At present very little is known about how people locate and view videos. This study draws a rich picture of everyday video seeking strategies and video information needs, based on an ethnographic study of New Zealand ...
  • Development of a music organizer for children

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Zhang, Edmond Yiwen (9th International Conference on Music Information Retrieval, 2008)
    Software development for children is challenging; children have their own needs, which often are not met by ‘grown up’ software. We focus on software for playing songs and managing a music collection—tasks that children ...
  • What a difference a default setting makes

    Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer, Berlin, 2008)
    This paper examines the effect of the default interface language on the usage of a bilingual digital library. In 2005 the default interface language of a bilingual digital library was alternated on a monthly basis between ...
  • How people find videos

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Nichols, David M. (ACM, 2008)
    At present very little is known about how people locate and view videos 'in the wild'. This study draws a rich picture of everyday video seeking strategies and video information needs, based on an ethnographic study of New ...
  • Encouraging better hand drying hygiene

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Will, Andrew (ACM, 2008)
    Electric hand driers have the potential to improve sanitation when using public toilets; if used properly, electric driers can dry hands more thoroughly than towels, and users do not come into physical contact with potentially ...
  • Towards the design of a kid’s music organizer

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Hutter, Manuela (ACM, 2008)
    In this paper, we investigate how young children aged 2 to 5 interact with music and their family's music collections. By going into their homes, interviewing them and their parents and observing the children performing a ...
  • Understanding collection understanding with collage

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bennett, Erin Kay (Springer, 2008)
    A streaming collage visualization of images extracted from the collection’s documents has been proposed as an effective tool for gaining a comprehensive overview of a digital library collection (“collection understanding”). ...
  • Sharing, privacy and trust issues for photo collections

    Adams, Anne; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (2007-02-01)
    Digital libraries are quickly being adopted by the masses. Technological developments now allow community groups, clubs, and even ordinary individuals to create their own, publicly accessible collections. However, users ...
  • Metadata and organizational structures in personal photograph digital libraries

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (Springer, 2007)
    We examine the ‘native’ metadata and organizational structures that individuals create for their personal photo digital libraries, by analyzing the behaviour of photo collectors as recorded in 37 autoethnographies and ...
  • Finding new music: a diary study of everyday encounter with novel songs

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; McKay, Dana (2007)
    This paper explores how we, as individuals, purposefully or serendipitously encounter 'new music' (that is, music that we haven’t heard before) and relates these behaviours to music information retrieval activities such ...
  • Identifying personal photo digital library features

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Masoodian, Masood (ACM, 2007)
    At present, little evidence is available about how people want to interact with their photos in a personal photo digital library. Analysis of a set of 22 user needs summaries and critiques of existing photo management ...
  • "More of an art than a science": Supporting the creation of playlists and mixes

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Falconer, Annette (2006-10-01)
    This paper presents an analysis of how people construct playlists and mixes. Interviews with practitioners and postings made to a web site are analyzed using a grounded theory approach to extract themes and categorizations. ...
  • Exploring the user experience through collage

    McKay, Dana; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Thomson, Kirsten (ACM Press, 2006-07-06)
    We explore the use of collage in requirements elicitation, as a tool to support potential end-users in expressing their impressions, understanding, and emotions regarding a system.
  • Proceedings of the second computing women congress: Student Papers

    Hinze, Annika; Jung, Doris; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 2006-02-11)
    The CWC 2006 Proceedings contains the following student papers: • Kathryn Hempstalk: Hiding Behind Corners: Using Edges in Images for Better Steganography • Supawan Prompramote, Kathy Blashki: Playing to Learn: Enhancing ...
  • "The pain, the pain": Modelling music information behavior and the songs we hate

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen; Bainbridge, David (2005-09-01)
    The paper presents a grounded theory analysis of 395 user responses to the survey question, "What is the worst song ever?" Important factors uncovered include: lyric quality, the "earworm" effect, voice quality, the influence ...
  • Challenges in cross-cultural/multilingual music information seeking

    Lee, Jin Ha; Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2005-09-01)
    Understanding and meeting the needs of a broad range of music users across different cultures and languages are central in designing a global music digital library. This exploratory study examines cross-cultural/multilingual ...
  • Language Preference in a Bi-language Digital Library

    Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo (ACM, 2005)
    This paper examines user choice of interface language in a bi-language digital library(English and Maori, the language of the indigenous people of New Zealand)/ the majority of collection documents are in Maori, and the ...
  • Managing personal documents with a digital library

    Jaballah, Imene; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H. (Springer, 2005)
    This paper presents a desktop system for managing personal documents. The documents can be of many types—text, spreadsheets, images, multimedia—and are organized in a personal “digital library”. The interface supports ...
  • Organizing digital music for use: an examination of personal music collections

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Jones, Matt; Jones, Steve (2004-10-01)
    Current research on music information retrieval and music digital libraries focuses on providing access to huge, public music collections. In this paper we consider a different, but related, problem: supporting an individual ...
  • Greenstone as a music digital library toolkit

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)
    Greenstone is an open source digital library system that has developed and matured since its inception in 1995. Today it is used in over 60 countries, with a strong emphasis on humanitarian aid. The software is also used ...
  • Visual collaging of music in a digital library

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Downie, J. Stephen (2004-10-01)
    This article explores the role visual browsing can play within a digital music library. The context to the work is provided through a review of related techniques drawn from the fields of digital libraries and human computer ...
  • Language switching in a digital library; does it make a difference if the default language is set to Maori?

    Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Don, Katherine J. (2004-01-01)
    In this paper we investigate the effect of default interface language on usage patterns of the Niupepa digital library (a collection of historic Māori language newspapers), by switching the default interface language between ...
  • Is the web being used to speak our language?

    Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Benton, Richard (2004)
    This paper presents results from extensive surveys of the usage of Maori language on the World Wide Web(www, Web) conducted in 1998 and 2002. Issues both supportive and detrimental relating to the use and publication of ...
  • Digital library access for illiterate users

    Deo, Shaleen; Nichols, David M.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H.; Trujillo, Maria F. (2004)
    The problems that illiteracy poses in accessing information are gaining attention from the research community. Issues currently being explored include developing an understanding of the barriers to information acquisition ...
  • Digital libraries for creative communities

    Witten, Ian H.; Jones, Matt; Bainbridge, David; Cantlon, Polly; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Taylor & Francis Group, 2004)
    Digital library technologies have a great deal to offer to creative, design communities. They can enable large collections of text, images, music, video and other information objects to be organised and accessed in interesting ...
  • Browsing a digital library: A new approach for the New Zealand digital library

    McKay, Dana; Cunningham, Sally Jo (Springer, 2003)
    Browsing is part of the information seeking process, used when information needs are ill-defined or unspecific. Browsing and searching are often interleaved during information seeking to accommodate changing awareness of ...
  • Toward a theory of music information retrieval queries: System design implications

    Downie, J. Stephen; Cunningham, Sally Jo (2002-10-01)
    This paper analyzes a set of 161 music-related information requests posted to the rec.music.country.old-time newsgroup. These postings are categorized by the types of detail used to characterize the poster's information ...
  • Delivering the Maori-language newspapers on the Internet

    Apperley, Mark; Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Witten, Ian H. (Auckland University Press, Auckland, New Zealand, 2002)
    Although any collection of historical newspapers provides a particularly rich and valuable record of events and social and political commentary, the content tends to be difficult to access and extremely time-consuming to ...
  • Niupepa: A historical newspaper collection

    Apperley, Mark; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Witten, Ian H. (2001-05-01)
    Niupepa is a collection of 42 newspaper titles published in New Zealand from 1842-1933, comprising a total of 21,000 pages in 1,750 issues. This collection forms a unique historical record of the language of the indigenous ...
  • An ethnographic study of technical support workers: why we didn't build a tech support digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Knowles, Chris; Reeves, Nina (ACM, 2001)
    In this paper we describe the results of an ethnographic study of the information behaviourss of university technical support workers and their information needs. The study looked at how the group identified, located and ...
  • A comparative transaction log analysis of two computing collections

    Mahoui, Malika; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 2000-07)
    Transaction logs are invaluable sources of fine-grained information about users’ search behavior. This paper compares the searching behavior of users across two WWW-accessible digital libraries: the New Zealand Digital ...
  • Scalable browsing for large collections: a case study

    Paynter, Gordon W.; Witten, Ian H.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Buchanan, George (ACM, 2000)
    Phrase browsing techniques use phrases extracted automatically from a large information collection as a basis for browsing and accessing it. This paper describes a case study that uses an automatically constructed phrase ...
  • The Niupepa Collection: Opening the blinds on a window to the past

    Keegan, Te Taka Adrian Gregory; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Apperley, Mark (1999-12)
    This paper describes the building of a digital library collection of historic newspapers. The newspapers (Niupepa in Maori), which were published in New Zealand during the period 1842 to 1933, form a unique historical ...
  • Weka: Practical machine learning tools and techniques with Java implementations

    Witten, Ian H.; Frank, Eibe; Trigg, Leonard E.; Hall, Mark A.; Holmes, Geoffrey; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1999-08)
    The Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (Weka) is a comprehensive suite of Java class libraries that implement many state-of-the-art machine learning and data mining algorithms. Weka is freely available on the ...
  • Managing complexity in a distributed digital library

    Witten, Ian H.; McNab, Rodger J.; Jones, Steve; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Apperley, Mark (1999-02-01)
    As the capabilities of distributed digital libraries increase, managing organizational and software complexity becomes a key issue. How can collections and indexes be updated without impacting queries currently in progress? ...
  • Market basket analysis of library circulation data

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Frank, Eibe (IEEE Computer Society, 1999)
    “Market Basket Analysis” algorithms have recently seen widespread use in analyzing consumer purchasing patterns-specifically, in detecting products that are frequently purchased together. We apply the Apriori market basket ...
  • Making oral history accessible over the World Wide Web

    Bainbridge, David; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998-11)
    We describe a multimedia, WWW-based oral history collection constructed from off-the-shelf or publicly available software. The source materials for the collection include audio tapes of interviews and summary transcripts ...
  • An analysis of usage of a digital library

    Jones, Steve; Cunningham, Sally Jo; McNab, Rodger J. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998-06)
    As experimental digital library testbeds gain wider acceptance and develop significant user bases, it becomes important to investigate the ways in which users interact with the systems in practice. Transaction logs are one ...
  • Managing multiple collections, multiple languages, and multiple media in a distributed digital library

    Witten, Ian H.; McNab, Rodger J.; Jones, Steve; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Bainbridge, David; Apperley, Mark (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998-05)
    Managing the organizational and software complexity of a comprehensive digital library presents a significant challenge. Different library collections each have their own distinctive features. Different presentation languages ...
  • A public library based on full-text retrieval

    Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; McNab, Rodger J.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1998-04-01)
    The New Zealand digital library aims to impose structure on anarchic and uncataloged repositories of information providing information consumers with effective tools to locate and peruse what they need. Our goal is to ...
  • Predicting apple bruising relationships using machine learning

    Holmes, Geoffrey; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Dela Rue, B. T.; Bollen, A. F. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1998-04)
    Many models have been used to describe the influence of internal or external factors on apple bruising. Few of these have addressed the application of derived relationships to the evaluation of commercial operations. From ...
  • Applications of machine learning in information retrieval

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Littin, James; Witten, Ian H. (1997-02)
    Information retrieval systems provide access to collections of thousands, or millions, of documents, from which, by providing an appropriate description, users can recover any one. Typically, users iteratively refine the ...
  • Dataset cataloging metadata for machine learning applications and research

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996-11)
    As the field of machine learning (ML) matures, two types of data archives are developing: collections of benchmark data sets used to test the performance of new algorithms, and data stores to which machine learning/data ...
  • Teaching students to critically evaluate the quality of Internet research resources

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996-11)
    The Internet offers a host of high-quality research material in computer science-and, unfortunately, some very low quality resources as well. As part of learning the research process, students should be taught to critically ...
  • Visual analogy in creative design: case study of fractals and crochet lace

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996-10)
    One powerful technique for supporting creativity in design is analogy: drawing similarities between seemingly unrelated objects taken from different domain. A case study is presented in which fractal images serve as a ...
  • Understanding what machine learning produces - Part I: Representations and their comprehensibility

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Humphrey, Matthew C.; Witten, Ian H. (1996-10)
    The aim of many machine learning users is to comprehend the structures that are inferred from a dataset, and such users may be far more interested in understanding the structure of their data than in predicting the outcome ...
  • Authorship patterns in information systems

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Dillon, Stuart M. (1996-10)
    This paper examines the patterns of multiple authorship in five information systems journals. Specifically, we determine the distribution of the number of authors per paper in this field, the proportion of male and female ...
  • Understanding what machine learning produces - Part II: Knowledge visualization techniques

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Humphrey, Matthew C.; Witten, Ian H. (1996-10)
    Researchers in machine learning use decision trees, production rules, and decision graphs for visualizing classification data. Part I of this paper surveyed these representations, paying particular attention to their ...
  • Digital libraries based on full-text retrieval

    Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996-07)
    Because digital libraries are expensive to create and maintain, Internet analogs of public libraries-reliable, quality, community services-have only recently begun to appear. A serious obstacle to their creation is the ...
  • A non-linear, criterion-referenced grading scheme for a computer literacy course

    Rogers, Bill; Treweek, Phillip; Cunningham, Sally Jo (1996-04)
    The development of complex Information Systems requires the use of many Information Systems engineering tools. These diverse tools need to be integrated in order to be effectively used by multiple cooperating developers. ...
  • How Maui captured the sun: using a MUD for educational simulation

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Williams, Warren (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-12)
    MUDs (Multi-User Dungeons) are text-based, multi-user communication and modelling programs. This paper investigates the potential of a popular extensible MUD, the LambdaMOO system, as a tool for second language training ...
  • Information retrieval programs on the Internet: tools for teaching IR

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-11)
    The theory of information retrieval has generally been taught in theory: it has been difficult to provide students with hands-on experience with retrieval engines incorporating many IR topics such as relevance ranking, ...
  • Towards the digital music library: tune retrieval from acoustic input

    McNab, Rodger J.; Smith, Lloyd A.; Witten, Ian H.; Henderson, Clare L.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-10)
    Music is traditionally retrieved by title, composer or subject classification. It is possible, with current technology, to retrieve music from a database on the basis of a few notes sung or hummed into a microphone. This ...
  • Building a public digital library based on full-text retrieval

    Witten, Ian H.; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-08)
    Digital libraries are expensive to create and maintain, and generally restricted to a particular corporation or group of paying subscribers. While many indexes to the World Wide Web are freely available, the quality of ...
  • Writing anxiety in computer science students

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Holmes, Geoffrey (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-08)
    Effective written communication skills are recognized as essential for computing professions, but are notoriously difficult to impart to our students. One problem in teaching computing students to write may be their attitudes ...
  • Applying machine learning to subject classification and subject description for information retrieval

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Summers, Brent (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-06)
    This paper describes an experiment in applying standard supervised machine learning algorithms (C4.5 and Induct) to the problem of developing subject classification rules for documents. These algorithms are found to produce ...
  • Applications for bibliometric research in the emerging digital library

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Vallabh, Mahendra (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-05)
    A large amount of research literature has recently become available on the Internet through "digital libraries". This migration of information from paper to electronic media promises to have a huge impact on the way that ...
  • An empirical investigation of the obsolescence rate for information systems literature

    Cunningham, Sally Jo (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-05)
    A synchronous study has been performed on four years of the International Conference on Information systems (ICIS) proceedings, to determine the obsolescence rate for the field of information systems (as reflected in the ...
  • Machine learning in practice: experience with agricultural databases

    Garner, Stephen R.; Cunningham, Sally Jo; Holmes, Geoffrey; Nevill-Manning, Craig G.; Witten, Ian H. (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-05)
    The Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (weka) is a New Zealand government-sponsored initiative to investigate the application of machine learning to economically important problems in the agricultural industries. ...
  • Bibliomania: what can we learn from the research literature?

    Cunningham, Sally Jo; Empson, Nic; Kamau, Rawinia (University of Waikato, Department of Computer Science, 1995-04)
    The field of bibliometrics provides a set of quantitative methods for understanding how scientific information is created and disseminated by examining the structure, rather than the content, of subject documents. Bibliographic ...

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