Hicks, B.J. & Silvester, W. B. (1985). Nitrogen fixation in the New Zealand mangrove (Avicennia marina (Forsk.) Vierh. var. resinifera (Forst f.) Bakh.). Applied and Environmental Microbiology 49, 955-959.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/2005
Nitrogenase activity in mangrove forests at two locations in the North Island, New Zealand, was measured by acetylene reduction and 15N2 uptake. Nitrogenase activity (C2H2 reduction) in surface sediments 0 to 10 mm deep was highly correlated (r = 0.91, n = 17) with the dry weight of decomposing particulate organic matter in the sediment and was independent of light. The activity was not correlated with the dry weight of roots in the top 10 mm of sediment (r = –0.01, n = 13). Seasonal and sample variation in acetylene reduction rates ranged from 0.4 to 50.0 µmol of C2H4 m–2 h–1 under air, and acetylene reduction was depressed in anaerobic atmospheres. Nitrogen fixation rates of decomposing leaves from the surface measured by 15N2 uptake ranged from 5.1 to 7.8 nmol of N2 g (dry weight)–1 h–1, and the mean molar ratio of acetylene reduced to nitrogen fixed was 4.5:1. Anaerobic conditions depressed the nitrogenase activity in decomposing leaves, which was independent of light. Nitrogenase activity was also found to be associated with pneumatophores. This activity was light dependent and was probably attributable to one or more species of Calothrix present as an epiphyte. Rates of activity were generally between 100 and 500 nmol of C2H4 pneumatophore–1 h–1 in summer, but values up to 1,500 nmol of C2H4 pneumatophore–1 h–1 were obtained.
American Society for Microbiology