Intentional Parenthood: responsibilities in surrogate motherhood
Van Zyl, L L.(2002). Intentional Parenthood: responsibilities in surrogate motherhood. Health Care Analysis, 10(2), 165-175.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/2085
In recent years, a number of writers dealingwith questions over parenthood that arisein the context of reproductive technologies andsurrogate motherhood, have appealed to thenotion of ``intentional parenthood''. Basingtheir argument on liberal values such asindividual autonomy, the freedom to entercontracts, the right to privacy, and individualself-fulfilment, they argue that contractuallystated intentions, rather than genetic orgestational relationships, should form thebasis of parental rights. Against this I arguethat parental rights do not derive fromcontractual agreements, but are based in theirobligations towards the child. I then examinethe nature of the obligations that the variousparties have towards the child both pre- andpostnatally.