Prinsep, M.R., Yao, B., Nicholson, B.K. & Gordon, D.P. (2004). The pterocellins, bioactive alkaloids from the marine Bryozoan Pterocella vesiculosa. Phytochemistry Reviews, 3(3), 325-331.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/222
Although comparatively little research has been undertaken into the secondary metabolites of bryozoans as compared with those of other marine invertebrates, bryozoans have proven to be an excellent source of novel and/or biologically active compounds. The majority of bryozoan metabolites isolated to date have been alkaloids. In our continuing search for bioactive and/or novel compounds from New Zealand marine bryozoans, we undertook an investigation of an extract of Pterocella vesiculosa (order Cheilostomatida, suborder Ascophorina, family Catenicellidae) which possessed activity against P388 murine leukaemia cells. Two alkaloids, pterocellins A-B (1-2) have been isolated from the bryozoan. The biological activity of these alkaloids was examined including their activities in the in vitro 60 cell line panel and in vivo hollow fibre assays at the National Cancer Institute (NCI). The isolation and characterisation of further pterocellin analogues is currently in progress and tentative structures for two new members of this series, pterocellins C-D (3-4) are proposed, based on NMR and mass spectral data.
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This article is published in the journal Phytochemistry Reviews , (c) Springer.