The Influence of Contextual Aspects on New Zealand Muslim Males' Environmentally Ethical Behaviour
Yaacob, M. (2009). The Influence of Contextual Aspects on New Zealand Muslim Males’ Environmentally Ethical Behaviour (Thesis). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10289/2556
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/2556
This study's aim was to investigate the strength of contextual aspects' influenceson environmentally ethical behaviour (EEB). A survey method with a selfadministeredquestionnaire was used and a cross-section of the Muslim malepopulation of New Zealand was taken. The qualitative interviews and emailquestionnaires were also utilised to further explain the survey results. The linearregression analyses show correlations between contextual aspects (i.e., social,religious, economic, political, and demographic) and EEB (pre-cycling, re-use andrecycling). Results indicate that the contextual aspects are influential on EEB inmany ways and degrees. A model describing the relationship was developed. Theeconomic aspect statistically significantly related to EEB the strongest. Thequalitative interview and email questionnaire data support the findings of thesurvey. The relationship was positive, meaning that the more the consumers wereinfluenced by the economic aspect to behave in an environmentally ethical way,the more they were likely to perform EEB. Compared to the economic aspect,white collar workers, number of household occupant, work involvement with theenvironment, type of house, and age had a weaker statistically significantrelationship with EEB. The relationships were positive, meaning that the better theconsumers' occupation (i.e., white collar workers), the more household memberthey had (i.e., 4 and above), the higher their level of work involvement with theenvironment, and the better their dwelling (i.e., bungalow or semi-detachedhouses), the more they were likely to perform EEB. However, the relationshipbetween age and EEB was negative, meaning that the younger the consumers themore they were likely to perform EEB. However, the results of this study, fromboth the survey and the interview methods, indicate that demographiccharacteristics were not as important as the contextual aspects, particularly theeconomic aspect, in understanding consumers' EEB. This study shows that theeconomic aspect was very important in understanding consumers' EEB comparedto the other contextual aspects even the political aspect was statisticallysignificantly related to EEB via the economic aspect. Thus, the economic aspectshould be used optimally by public and private sector managers to promote EEB.
The University of Waikato
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