Stevenson, D. E., Hensen, R. P., Loader, J. I., et al. (2008). Preparative enzymatic synthesis of glucuronides of zearalenone and five of its metabolites. Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56(11), 4032-4038.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/2839
The resorcylic acid lactones zearalenone (1), α-zearalenol (2), β-zearalenol (3), α-zearalanol (zeranol) (4), β-zearalanol (taleranol) (5), and zearalanone (6) were converted to their glucuronides on a preparative scale in good yields. Reactions were conducted with bovine uridine 5′-diphosphoglucuronyl transferase (UDPGT) as catalyst and uridine 5′-diphosphoglucuronic acid (UDPGA) as cofactor. The glucuronides were isolated by column chromatography and characterized by NMR spectroscopy and mass spectrometry. Although the principal products were 4-O-glucuronides (i.e., linkage through a phenolic hydroxyl), significant quantities of the 6′-O-glucuronides (i.e., linkage through the aliphatic hydroxyl) of alcohols 2, 4, and 5 were also isolated. In the case of 3, the 2-O-glucuronide was isolated as the minor product. Overall isolated yields of glucuronides, performed on a 20−50 mg scale, were typically ca. 80% based on the resorcylic acid lactone starting material. LC-UV-MS2 analysis of purified specimens revealed MS2 fragmentations useful for defining the point of attachment of the glucuronide moiety to the zearalenone nucleus.
American Chemical Society