Dyson, P. J., Ellis, D. J., Henderson, W., & Laurenczy, G. (2003). A comparison of ruthenium-catalysed arene hydrogenation reactions in water and 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquids. Advanced Synthesis & Catalysis, 345(1/2), 216-221.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3358
The hydrogenation of benzene and other arene substrates under biphasic conditions is evaluated using the catalyst precursor Ru(n₆-C₁₀H₁₄)(pta)Cl₂(pta=1,3,5-triaza-7-phosphaadamantane) immobilised in water and 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquids. The effect that contamination of the 1-alkyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate ionic liquids with chloride has on the hydrogenation reaction has also been examined. Of the immobilisation solvents tested the optimum solvent was found to be chloride-free 1- butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate. Catalytic turnovers in this solvent are highest, and in general, turnovers for the hydrogenation reactions follow the trend: chloride-free 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate > water > chloridecontaminated 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate.
Wiley - VCH