The Role of Children's Literature in the Teaching of English to Young Learners in Taiwan
Yu Chang, J.-F. (2007). The Role of Children’s Literature in the Teaching of English to Young Learners in Taiwan (Thesis, Doctor of Philosophy (PhD)). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3518
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3518
Teachers of young learners of English in Taiwan are often encouraged to use children's literature in their teaching. My overall aims in this research project were to find out: whether there is any agreement about the meaning of the term 'children's literature', particularly among those who recommend its use in the teaching of English to young learners in Taiwan; what types of teaching materials and resources teachers of English to young learners in Taiwan claim to use and to value, and what types of teaching materials and resources they actually use, and how they use them; how a sample of textbooks, guided readers and popular children's literature commonly used by teachers of young learners in Taiwan rate when considered in relation to a range of criteria derived from a critical review of writing on children's literature and, in particular, 'good' children's literature. There is considerable disagreement about what constitutes children's literature and, in particular, 'good' children's literature. Furthermore, although many writers claim that children's literature, particularly narrative, can contribute to children's social, cognitive and linguistic development, very little appears to have been written about the problems that can be associated with using literature designed for first language speakers in the foreign language classroom (Chapter 2). Although over half of respondents to a questionnaire for teachers of young learners in Taiwan (256 returns) indicated that they used story books in their classes at least once a week, some indicated that they never used them (Chapter 3). Furthermore, in 23 observed lessons taught in primary schools in Taiwan, children's literature featured only once. On that occasion, the book selected was used as supplementary material. It was not thematically linked to the main part of the lesson. Analysis of its language revealed considerable linguistic complexity, something that helped to explain the lack of any positive learner response to it. Although every one of 10 observed lessons taught to children (aged 7 on average) in a cram school in Taiwan made use of children's literature in some form, the difficulties the teacher and the learners had in relation to the texts seemed to outweigh any advantages associated with their inclusion (Chapter 4). A sample of texts from English textbooks commonly used in Taiwan was analyzed and found to be largely made up of artificial dialogue snippets that had no genuine communicative purpose or imaginative interest (Chapter 5). A sample of graded readers commonly used in Taiwanese primary schools (designed primarily for speakers of English as a first language) was found to be culturally and linguistically inappropriate, the language being stilted and often, from the perspective of young learners in Asia, extremely complex, and the content being dated and often confusing (Chapter 6). The analysis of a sample of children's literature that is very popular in Taiwan also revealed problems relating to the level and complexity of the language (Chapter 7). My overall conclusion (Chapter 8) is that the use of literature designed primarily for first language speakers of English in teaching English to young learners may have little positive impact on learning, particularly where it is selected and used inappropriately. Nevertheless, there is much that those who design materials for use in language teaching, in Taiwan and elsewhere, can learn from children's literature.
The University of Waikato
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