Islam, M. S., Pickering, K. L. & Foreman, N. J. (2009). Curing kinetics and effects of fibre surface treatment and curing parameters on the interfacial and tensile properties of hemp/epoxy composites. Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, 23(16), 2085-2107.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3571
The curing kinetics of neat epoxy (NE) and hemp fibre/epoxy composites was studied and assessed using two dynamic models (the Kissinger and Flynn-Wall-Ozawa Models) and an isothermal model (the Autocatalytic Model) which was generally supported by the experimental data obtained from dynamic and isothermal differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) scans. The activation energies for the curing of composites exhibited lower values compared to curing of NE which is believed to be due to higher nucleophilic activity of the amine groups of the curing agent in the presence of fibres. The highest tensile strength, σ was obtained with composites produced with an epoxy to curing agent ratio of 1:1 and the highest Young's modulus, E was obtained with an epoxy to curing agent ratio of 1:1.2. Alkali treated hemp fibre/epoxy (ATFE) composites were found to have higher σ and E values compared to those for untreated hemp fibre/epoxy (UTFE) composites which was consistent with the trend for interfacial shear strength (IFSS) values. Composites σ and E were found to be higher for a processing temperature of 70°C than for 25°C for both UTFE and ATFE composites, but were found to decrease as the curing temperature was increased further to 120°C.
This is an author’s accepted version of an article published in the journal: Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology. © Copyright Koninklijke Brill NV, Leiden, 2009.