This community houses research from the Faculty of Science and Engineering at the University of Waikato.

Sub-communities within Science and Engineering

Collections in Science and Engineering

  • Carbon dioxide emissions and sediment organic carbon burials across a gradient of trophic state in eleven New Zealand lakes

    Santoso, Arianto B.; Hamilton, David P.; Hendy, Chris H.; Schipper, Louis A. (Springer, 2017)
    Lakes are known to be important to the global carbon balance as they are both CO₂ sources to the atmosphere and also accumulate large amounts of carbon in their sediment. CO₂ flux dynamics across the air–water interface ...
  • Evaluation of Cavitation Erosion Behavior of Commercial Steel Grades Used in the Design of Fluid Machinery

    Tzanakis, I.; Bolzoni, Leandro; Eskin, D.G.; Hadfield, M. (2017)
    The erosion response under cavitation of different steel grades was assessed by studying the erosion rate, the volume removal, the roughness evolution, and the accumulated strain energy. A 20 kHz ultrasonic transducer with ...
  • Systematics expertise and taxonomic status of New Zealand’s freshwater insects

    Leschen, Richard A.B.; Collier, Kevin J.; Death, Russell G.; Harding, Jon S.; Smith, Brian J. (2016)
    Insects are important to ecosystem functioning in freshwater habitats. They have a rich diversity, fill every ecological niche, and as predators and scavengers and the prey of larger species, they play a vital role in ...
  • Correction: First demonstration of antigen induced cytokine expression by CD4-1⁺ lymphocytes in a poikilotherm: Studies in zebrafish (Danio rerio)

    Yoon, Sohye; Mitra, Suman; Wyse, Cathy; Alnabulsi, Ayham; Zou, Jun; Weerdenburg, Eveline M.; van der Sar, Astrud M.; Wang, Difei; Secombes, Christopher J.; Bird, Steve (2016)
    Correction of the article "First demonstration of antigen induced cytokine expression by CD4-1⁺ lymphocytes in a poikilotherm: Studies in zebrafish (Danio rerio)",
  • Characterisation of the TNF superfamily members CD40L and BAFF in the small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula)

    Li, Ronggai; Redmond, Anthony K.; Wang, Tiehui; Bird, Steve; Dooley, Helen; Secombes, Chris J. (2015-11)
    The tumour necrosis factor superfamily (TNFSF) members CD40L and BAFF play critical roles in mammalian B cell survival, proliferation and maturation, however little is known about these key cytokines in the oldest jawed ...
  • Pandora’s box down-under: origins and numbers of mustelids transported to New Zealand for biological control of rabbits

    King, Carolyn M. (2017)
    This paper describes one of the world’s first large-scale experiments in biological control of a major vertebrate pest of agriculture, which was tried in New Zealand during the second half of the nineteenth century. Starting ...
  • A Novel Implant Electrode Design Safe in the RF Field of MRI Scanners

    McCabe, Steven; Scott, Jonathan B. (Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, 2017)
    Patients with medical implants are often unable to receive magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) diagnostic treatment, because the conductive leads can concentrate the RF excitation field and generate dangerous heating of nervous ...
  • An introduction to the Australian and New Zealand flux tower network - OzFlux

    Beringer, Jason; Hutley, Lindsay B.; McHugh, Ian; Arndt, Stefan K.; Campbell, David I.; Cleugh, Helen A.; Cleverly, James; Resco de Dios, Víctor; Eamus, Derek; Evans, Bradley; Ewenz, Cacilia; Grace, Peter; Griebel, Anne; Haverd, Vanessa; Hinko-Najera, Nina; Huete, Alfredo; Isaac, Peter; Kanniah, Kasturi; Leuning, Ray; Liddell, Michael J.; Macfarlane, Craig; Meyer, Wayne; Moore, Caitlin; Pendall, Elise; Phillips, Alison; Phillips, Rebecca L.; Prober, Suzanne M.; Restrepo-Coupe, Natalia; Rutledge, Susanna; Schroder, Ivan; Silberstein, Richard; Southall, Patricia; Yee, Mei Sun; Tapper, Nigel J.; van Gorsel, Eva; Vote, Camilla; Walker, Jeff; Wardlaw, Tim (Copernicus Publications, 2016)
    OzFlux is the regional Australian and New Zealand flux tower network that aims to provide a continental-scale national research facility to monitor and assess trends, and improve predictions, of Australia's terrestrial ...
  • Long-term, high frequency in situ measurements of intertidal mussel bed temperatures using biomimetic sensors

    Helmuth, Brian; Choi, Francis; Matzelle, Allison; Torossian, Jessica L.; Morello, Scott L.; Mislan, K.A.S.; Yamane, Lauren; Strickland, Denise; Szathmary, P. Lauren; Gilman, Sarah E.; Tockstein, Alyson; Hilbish, Thomas J.; Burrows, Michael T.; Power, Anne Marie; Gosling, Elizabeth; Mieszkowska, Nova; Harley, Christopher D.G.; Nishizaki, Michael; Carrington, Emily; Menge, Bruce; Petes, Laura; Foley, Melissa M.; Johnson, Angela; Poole, Megan; Noble, Mae M.; Richmond, Erin L.; Robart, Matt; Robinson, Jonathan; Sapp, Jerod; Sones, Jackie; Broitman, Bernardo R.; Denny, Mark W.; Mach, Katharine J.; Miller, Luke P.; O’Donnell, Michael; Ross, Philip M.; Hofmann, Gretchen E.; Zippay, Mackenzie; Blanchette, Carol; Macfarlan, J.A.; Carpizo-Ituarte, Eugenio; Ruttenberg, Benjamin; Peña Mejía, Carlos E.; McQuaid, Christopher D.; Lathlean, Justin; Monaco, Cristián J.; Nicastro, Katy R.; Zardi, Gerardo (Springer Nature, 2016)
    At a proximal level, the physiological impacts of global climate change on ectothermic organisms are manifest as changes in body temperatures. Especially for plants and animals exposed to direct solar radiation, body ...
  • Geomorphological mapping of ice-free areas using polarimetric RADARSAT-2 data on Fildes Peninsula and Ardley Island, Antarctica

    Schmid, T.; Lopez-Martinez, J.; Guillaso, S.; Serrano, E.; D'Hondt, O.; Koch, M.; Nieto, A.; O'Neill, Tanya Ann; Mink, S.; Duran, J.J.; Maestro, A. (Elsevier, 2016)
    Satellite-borne Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) has been used for characterizing and mapping in two relevant ice-free areas in the South Shetland Islands. The objective has been to identify and characterize land surface ...
  • Detection of thin tephra deposits in peat and organic lake sediments by rapid X-radiography and X-ray fluorescence techniques

    Lowe, David J.; Hogg, Alan G.; Hendy, C.H. (Victoria University of Wellington, 1981)
    This paper reports the application of the X-ray image process of X-radiography to unopened, small diameter organic sediment cores containing thin tephra deposits. Second, a rapid technique for detecting tephra layers in ...
  • Late Quaternary tephras in the Hamilton Basin, North Island, New Zealand

    Lowe, David J. (Victoria University of Wellington, 1981)
    This paper summarises the occurrence and distribution of late Quaternary tephras in the Hamilton (Middle Waikato) Basin and outlines a model to explain the pattern of soils formed from them. The collaborative work currently ...
  • Peer Review of the Christchurch Coastal Hazard Assessment Report

    Kenderdine, Shonagh E.; Hart, Deirdre E.; Cox, Ron J.; de Lange, Willem P.; Smith, Murray H. (2016-08-18)
    This review reports findings from the peer review panel (‘the Panel’) assessment of the Tonkin & Taylor Ltd (2015) report: Coastal Hazard Assessment – Stage Two (‘the Report’). The Panel were asked to address four overarching ...
  • Alignment of Short Fibres: An Overview

    Sunny, Tom; Pickering, Kim L.; Lim, Shen Hin (2017)
    Fibre orientation is a major factor influencing composite performance; research, largely on synthetic fibre composites, supports that the best mechanical performances are achieved in composites when fibres are aligned in ...
  • Tales of the unexpected: halloysite delivers surprises and a paradox

    Lowe, David J.; Churchman, G. Jock (New Zealand Society of Soil Science, 2016)
    Despite being first described nearly 200 years ago, halloysite still has the capacity to surprise. We report here the remarkable discovery in New Zealand of two new morphologies for this 1:1 Si:Al layered aluminosilicate ...
  • Effect of river flow, temperature, and water chemistry on proliferations of the benthic anatoxin-producing cyanobacterium Phormidium

    Wood, Susanna A.; Atalah, Javier; Wagenhoff, Annika; Brown, Logan; Doehring, Kati; Young, Roger G.; Hawes, Ian (2016-12-15)
    Proliferations of the benthic anatoxin-producing cyanobacterium Phormidium are increasing in prevalence in cobble-bed rivers worldwide. This proliferation is of particular concern when rivers are used as sources of drinking ...
  • A new attraction-detachment model for explaining flow sliding in clay-rich tephras

    Kluger, Max O.; Moon, Vicki G.; Kreiter, Stefan; Lowe, David J.; Churchman, G.Jock; Hepp, Daniel A.; Seibel, David; Jorat, M. Ehsan; Mörz, Tobias (The Geological Society of America, 2017-02-01)
    Altered pyroclastic (tephra) deposits are highly susceptible to landsliding, leading to fatali-ties and property damage every year. Halloysite, a low-activity clay mineral, is commonly associated with landslide-prone layers ...
  • Learning Distance Metrics for Multi-Label Classification

    Gouk, Henry; Pfahringer, Bernhard; Cree, Michael J. (2016)
    Distance metric learning is a well studied problem in the field of machine learning, where it is typically used to improve the accuracy of instance based learning techniques. In this paper we propose a distance metric ...
  • The lore of lakes

    Green, John D.; Lowe, David J. (1992)
    Studies of lakes and their many layers of silt and sediment can tell us a great deal, from centuries-old deforestation practices to the climate changes over thousands of years. The study of the history of lake ecosystems ...
  • Fibre orientation of novel dynamically sheet formed discontinuous natural fibre PLA composites

    Efendy, M.G. Aruan; Pickering, Kim L. (Elsevier, 2016)
    This paper describes work carried out to fabricate and to assess the fibre orientation in PLA reinforced by aligned discontinuous harakeke and hemp fibre mats produced using a dynamic sheet former (DSF). These mats were ...

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