Frank, E. & Bouckaert, R. R. (2009). Conditional density estimation with class probability estimators. In E.-H. Zhou & T. Washio (Eds.), Proceedings of First Asian Conference on Machine Learning, ACML 2009, Nanjing, China, November 2-4, 2009. (pp. 65-81). Berlin: Springer.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3701
Many regression schemes deliver a point estimate only, but often it is useful or even essential to quantify the uncertainty inherent in a prediction. If a conditional density estimate is available, then prediction intervals can be derived from it. In this paper we compare three techniques for computing conditional density estimates using a class probability estimator, where this estimator is applied to the discretized target variable and used to derive instance weights for an underlying univariate density estimator; this yields a conditional density estimate. The three density estimators we compare are: a histogram estimator that has been used previously in this context, a normal density estimator, and a kernel estimator. In our experiments, the latter two deliver better performance, both in terms of cross-validated log-likelihood and in terms of quality of the resulting prediction intervals. The empirical coverage of the intervals is close to the desired confidence level in most cases. We also include results for point estimation, as well as a comparison to Gaussian process regression and nonparametric quantile estimation.
This is an author’s accepted version of an article published in Proceedings of First Asian Conference on Machine Learning, ACML 2009, Nanjing, China, November 2-4, 2009. ©2009 Springer.