Kularatna, N., Wijeratne, C. & Melville, B. (2005). Mixed signal approach for rapid prototyping of a compact smart pebble for sediment transport monitoring in river beds. In Proceedings of Fourth IEEE Sensors 2005, the 4th IEEE Conference on Sensors. IEEE, Irvine, California, USA, 30 October - 3 November, 2005. (pp.1128-1132). Washington, DC, USA: IEEE.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3715
Low-cost accelerometers and gyro ICs were used to develop a smart sediment particle to study the sediment transport in rivers. With strap-down MEMS, battery, a processing subsystem and memory, this self contained unit captures semiprocessed data for durations up to 15 minutes. In a mixed-mode design, analog multiplier ICs with limited digital circuits transform the body frame data to a reference frame using Euler angles, with adequate accuracy despite cumulative errors. For 3D motion, up to nine sensor inputs from three orthogonal modules are coupled to a multiplexed analog processing module, and processed by a digital module for data conversion and storage. Despite the simplified mathematics used, experimental data from the proof-of-concept system provided adequate accuracy. Subsequent processing of the raw sensor data using an external PC program with smart algorithms allowed the comparison of accuracy of the mixed mode approach. The adopted mixed signal design approach helps the packaging requirements due to the specific nature of the problem with short recording durations.
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