Cameron B. D. Kelly, Adrian A. Dorrington, Michael J. Cree, and Andrew D. Payne. "Calibration and control of a robot arm using a range imaging camera," Image Processing: Machine Vision Applications III, David Fofi, Kurt S. Niel, Editors, Proc. SPIE, 7538, 75380J (2010).
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/3827
Time of flight range imaging is an emerging technology that has numerous applications in machine vision. In this paper we cover the use of a commercial time of flight range imaging camera for calibrating a robotic arm. We do this by identifying retro-reflective targets attached to the arm, and centroiding on calibrated spatial data, which allows precise measurement of three dimensional target locations. The robotic arm is an inexpensive model that does not have positional feedback, so a series of movements are performed to calibrate the servos signals to the physical position of the arm. The calibration showed a good linear response between the control signal and servo angles. The calibration procedure also provided a transformation between the camera and arm coordinate systems. Inverse kinematic control was then used to position the arm. The range camera could also be used to identify objects in the scene. With the object location now known in the arm's coordinate system (transformed from the camera's coordinate system) the arm was able to move allowing it to grasp the object.
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