Hsieh, H.-J., Tung, K.-Y., Nair, G., Chu, I.-M. & Wu, W.-T. (2007). Production of ascorbic acid glucoside by alginate-entrapped mycelia of Aspergillus niger. Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology, 77(1), 53-60.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/4155
The mycelia of Aspergillus niger, cultivated in a medium containing 45 g l⁻¹ maltose, 66 g l⁻¹yeast extract, and 5 g l⁻¹K₂HPO₄ at 30°C and 200 rpm, were used as a biocatalyst in the glucosylation of ascorbic acid. Free mycelia from 3-day-old culture, when used in a 6-h reaction with maltose as the acyl donor, gave 16.07 g l⁻¹ ascorbic acid glucoside corresponding to a volumetric productivity of 2.68 g l⁻¹ h⁻¹ and a conversion of 67%. Mycelia from 3-day-old cultures were entrapped in calcium alginate beads and used as a catalyst in the glucosylation of ascorbic acid. An ascorbic acid-to-maltose molar ratio of 1:9 was found to be optimum, and the conversion reached 75% after 12 h. The concentration of ascorbic acid glucoside produced at this molar ratio was 17.95 g l⁻¹, and the productivity was 1.5 g l⁻¹ h⁻¹. The biocatalyst was repeatedly used in a fixed bed bioreactor for the synthesis of ascorbic acid glucoside and approximately 17 g l⁻¹ of ascorbic acid glucoside corresponding to a volumetric productivity of 1.42 g l⁻¹ h⁻¹ was produced in each use. The conversion was retained at 70% in each use. The entrapped mycelia also exhibited exceptionally high reusability and storage stability. The product was purified to 85% by anion exchange and gel permeation chromatography with a final yield of 75%.