Zhang, D., Koch, C.C. & Scattergood, R.O. (2009). The role of new particle surfaces in synthesizing bulk nanostructured metallic materials by powder metallurgy. Materials Science and Engineer: 516(1-2), 270-275.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/4162
The role of new particle surfaces in synthesizing bulk nanostructured metallic materials by consolidation of nanostructured powders and nanopowders is analysed by developing three simple mathematical equations for calculating the α factor for different thermomechanical powder consolidation processes such as hot pressing, high pressure torsion and extrusion. The α factor is the fraction of the area of the powder particle surfaces newly formed during consolidation over the total particle surface area which includes both pre-existing surface area and the newly formed surface area. It is demonstrated that the values of the α factor calculated using these equations can be reasonably used to predict the level of inter-particle atomic bonding that is likely to be achieved through cold-welding by the above mentioned typical thermomechanical powder consolidation processes which also include high energy mechanical milling. Based on this analysis, it is clear that uniaxial hot pressing of a powder compact in a rigid die at low homologous temperatures (<0.5Tm) is unlikely to be capable of achieving a sufficiently high level of inter-particle atomic bonding for producing a high quality consolidated material, while processes involving a large amount of plastic deformation have such capabilities.