Hess, S. & Scarpa, R. (2010). Specification and interpretation issues in behavioural models used for environmental assessment. Transportation Research Part D: Transport and Environment, 15(7), 367-369.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/4243
While the environmental damage caused by transport is the direct result of engineering design – the use of mechanical vehicles largely propelled by fossil fuels – it is human behaviour that influences the way transport is used and the infrastructure that is provided. There has been a tendency in the past to seek technological solutions to environmental problems, and there is clearly a continuing role for policies that foster this approach. But more recently, over the past 20 years or so, there has been a recognition that changing the ways transport is used, as well as the physical nature of the hardware, is at least as important. In both cases, however, there is a need to understand the responses of society to alternative policies. This entails, at one level, insights into the likely reaction of people to alternative policies – basically good forecasting models. At another level, that of project and policy evaluation, there is a need to understand the values that society puts on environmental improvement.
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