Investigation of Flow Parameters for Titanium Cold Spraying using CFD Simulation
Singh, T. (2010). Investigation of Flow Parameters for Titanium Cold Spraying using CFD Simulation (Thesis, Master of Engineering (ME)). University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from http://hdl.handle.net/10289/5002
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/5002
A comprehensive study of cold gas dynamic spray technology is required for optimising performance and gun design for spraying various materials. Cold spraying technology is a new technique in industry and very limited data is available. This thesis focuses on the investigation of cold spray parameters for spraying ductile titanium alloys through a de-Laval convergent-divergent nozzle and optimisation of the nozzle dimensions. This work describes a detailed study of the various parameters, namely applied gas pressure, gas temperature, size of titanium particles and dimensions of the nozzle on the outlet velocity of the titanium particles. A model of a two-dimensional axisymmetric nozzle was used to generate the flow field of titanium particles with the help of a gas stream flowing at supersonic speed. ANSYS FLUENT software was used for the simulation of a cold spray nozzle. A standard k-ɛ model has been used to account for the turbulence produced due to the very high velocity flow. Differences in the velocity of titanium particles were modelled over the range of applied gas pressure, gas temperature and size of titanium particles. From the CFD simulation results optimum values of gas pressure and temperature were found for making a successful coating of titanium particles. The optimum nozzle dimensions were also found as the diverging length and exit diameter of the nozzle were found to affect the outlet velocity of titanium particles. The simulation results show good agreement with previous cold spray work using different spraying materials. Validation of the CFD model was done by referring to the experimental work and CFD work done for a similar kind of flow field. The grid quality of the model was investigated to get the results to converge and be independent of the grid size to give good agreement between the accuracy of results and the computational time.
University of Waikato
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- Masters Degree Theses