Milne, D.N., Witten, I.H. & Nichols, D.M. (2007). A knowledge-based search engine powered by Wikipedia. In Proceedings of the sixteenth ACM conference on Information and Knowledge management, November 6-9, 2007, Lisboa, Portugal (pp. 445-454). New York, NY, USA: ACM.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/5379
This paper describes Koru, a new search interface that offers effective domain-independent knowledge-based information retrieval. Koru exhibits an understanding of the topics of both queries and documents. This allows it to (a) expand queries automatically and (b) help guide the user as they evolve their queries interactively. Its understanding is mined from the vast investment of manual effort and judgment that is Wikipedia. We show how this open, constantly evolving encyclopedia can yield inexpensive knowledge structures that are specifically tailored to expose the topics, terminology and semantics of individual document collections. We conducted a detailed user study with 12 participants and 10 topics from the 2005 TREC HARD track, and found that Koru and its underlying knowledge base offers significant advantages over traditional keyword search. It was capable of lending assistance to almost every query issued to it; making their entry more efficient, improving the relevance of the documents they return, and narrowing the gap between expert and novice seekers.
© ACM, 2007. This is the author's version of the work. It is posted here by permission of ACM for your personal use. Not for redistribution. The definitive version was published in CIKM '07, http://doi.acm.org/10.1145/1321440.1321504