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dc.contributor.authorSrinivasan, Prakash
dc.contributor.authorSarmah, Ajit K.
dc.contributor.authorManley-Harris, Merilyn
dc.contributor.authorWilkins, Alistair L.
dc.coverage.spatialEnglanden_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2012-10-02T03:36:30Z
dc.date.available2012-10-02T03:36:30Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationSrinivasan, P., Sarmah, A., Manley-Harris, M. & Wilkins, A. (2012). Development of an HPLC method to analyze four veterinary antibiotics in soils and aqueous media and validation through fate studies. Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part A-Toxic/Hazardous Substances & Environmental Engineering, 47(13), 2120-2132.en_NZ
dc.identifier.issn1093-4529
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10289/6672
dc.description.abstractA simple, yet robust analytical method was developed to detect and quantify three sulfonamides (SA), namely sulfamethoxazole (SMO), sulfachloropyridazine (SCP), and sulfamethazine (SM), and a macrolide tylosin (TT) in aqueous (calcium chloride and leachate solutions) and solid (agricultural soils) matrices using high performance liquid chromatography and ultra violet detection at 290 nm (TT) and 275 nm (SA) respectively. Chromatography was performed using a Phenomenex Onyx Monolithic C-18 column for TT and a C-18 Luna column for sulfonamides as single analytes eluted isocratically with a mobile phase consisting of acetonitrile: trifluoroacetic acid: tetrahydrofuran in the ratio 22.5:68:9.5 for TT, 40:55:5 for SMO, 32:63:5 for SCP and 31:64:5 for SM (v/v) at 1.0 mL min(-1) and an injection volume of 20 mu L. A gradient method to detect all three sulfonamides in a single run was also developed. The soil residue analysis consisted of extraction with dichloromethane and pre-concentration steps as the aqueous phase was measured directly. The limits of detection at an S/N (signal: noise) ratio of 3 were 20.0 mu g L-1 and 50 mu g L-1 for all sulfonamides and tylosin respectively. The average recoveries for all sulfonamides and tylosin in aqueous matrices ranged from 95 to 105% across the six concentrations investigated. Recoveries from the soils were slightly lower for sulfonamides and tylosin. The isocratic method was used to determine the sorption and degradation of sulfonamides in soils, while the gradient method was used to determine degradation kinetics and leachate concentrations in soils and aqueous systems.en_NZ
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherTaylor & Francisen_NZ
dc.subjectHPLCen_NZ
dc.subjectVeterinary antibioticsen_NZ
dc.subjectSoilen_NZ
dc.subjectsulfonamidesen_NZ
dc.subjectMacrolideen_NZ
dc.subjectSorptionen_NZ
dc.subjectRecoveryen_NZ
dc.titleDevelopment of an HPLC method to analyze four veterinary antibiotics in soils and aqueous media and validation through fate studiesen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1080/10934529.2012.696005en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of Environmental Science and Health, Part A: Toxic/Hazardous Substances and Environmental Engineeringen_NZ
pubs.begin-page2120en_NZ
pubs.elements-id37819
pubs.end-page2132en_NZ
pubs.issue13en_NZ
pubs.volume47en_NZ


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