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Diversity of methyl halide-degrading microorganisms in oceanic and coastal waters

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dc.contributor.author Cox, Michael J.
dc.contributor.author Schäfer, Hendrik
dc.contributor.author Nightingale, Phillip D.
dc.contributor.author McDonald, Ian R.
dc.contributor.author Murrell, J. Colin
dc.date.accessioned 2012-10-04T03:19:13Z
dc.date.available 2012-10-04T03:19:13Z
dc.date.copyright 2012-09-09
dc.date.issued 2012
dc.identifier.citation Cox, M. J., Schäfer, H., Nightingale, P. D., McDonald, I. R., & Murrell, J. C. (2012). Diversity of methyl halide-degrading microorganisms in oceanic and coastal waters. FEMS Microbiology Letters, 334(2), 111-118. en_NZ
dc.identifier.issn 1574-6968
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10289/6681
dc.description.abstract Methyl halides have a significant impact on atmospheric chemistry, particularly in the degradation of stratospheric ozone. Bacteria are known to contribute to the degradation of methyl halides in the oceans and marine bacteria capable of using methyl bromide and methyl chloride as sole carbon and energy source have been isolated. A genetic marker for microbial degradation of methyl bromide ( cmuA ) was used to examine the distribution and diversity of these organisms in the marine environment. Three novel marine clades of cmuA were identified in unamended seawater and in marine enrichment cultures degrading methyl halides. Two of these cmuA clades are not represented in extant bacteria, demonstrating the utility of this molecular marker in identifying uncultivated marine methyl halide-degrading bacteria. The detection of populations of marine bacteria containing cmuA genes suggests that marine bacteria employing the CmuA enzyme contribute to methyl halide cycling in the ocean. en_NZ
dc.language.iso en
dc.publisher WIley en_NZ
dc.relation.ispartof FEMS Microbiology Letters
dc.subject methyl halide en_NZ
dc.subject functional genetic marker en_NZ
dc.subject Arabian Sea en_NZ
dc.subject English Channel en_NZ
dc.subject cmuA en_NZ
dc.subject Functional diversity en_NZ
dc.title Diversity of methyl halide-degrading microorganisms in oceanic and coastal waters en_NZ
dc.type Journal Article en_NZ
dc.identifier.doi 10.1111/j.1574-6968.2012.02624.x en_NZ


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