Duggan, I.C. & Eastwood, K.R. (2012) Detection and distribution of Craspedacusta sowerbii: Observations of medusae are not enough. Aquatic Invasions, 7(2), 271-275
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/6875
The freshwater cnidarian Craspedacusta sowerbii, native to the Yangtze valley, has invaded lakes and ponds throughout the world. Most distribution records have to date been based on observations of the medusa (jellyfish) stage, including numerous recent publications. We aimed to determine whether polyps are widespread in lakes, and geographical areas, outside of where medusae have been observed, and whether constructed waters are more easily invaded than natural waters. Our results show that C. sowerbii is more common and widespread than is apparent from observations of medusae. We argue that observed occurrences of medusae provide little useful information regarding the distribution of this species, and that published records of new jellyfish occurrences provide unreliable estimates of the timing of introduction, establishment or spread of C. sowerbii in new regions. We found no evidence that constructed waters were more readily invaded than natural waters. Overall, accurate determination of Craspedacusta occurrence and distribution requires systematic surveys of the polyp stages.
Regional Euro-Asian Biological Invasions Centre (REABIC)
© 2012 The authors. Creative Commons Attribution 2.0 Generic (CC BY 2.0)