Henderson, S.M., & Mullarney, J.C. (2012). Wave mixed, wind-generated near-surface shear observed over a tidal flat. Continental Shelf Research, Available on line 23 May 2012.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/7179
Around high tide over a ﬂooded tidal ﬂat, vertical shear measured 0.13–0.4 m beneath the sea surface by upward-looking Acoustic Doppler Proﬁlers (ADPs) was usually aligned with the wind. However, shear did not increase with increasing windspeed, likely owing to an increase in wave heights and wave-generated mixing with increasing windspeed. The associated increase in water-side drag coefﬁcient with windspeed was predicted, with substantial scatter, by a model for near-surface mixing by breaking waves. A depth-independent eddy-viscosity model yielded only slightly less skill than a ﬁtted depth-dependent model. Farther (0.3–0.6 m) from the surface, model skill was low, suggesting that shear at depth was often determined by factors other than wind. Wave heights tended to increase with increasing water depth. Consequently, the simulated wave-generated surface eddy viscosity tended to increase with increasing depth.