Hillcoat-Nallétamby, S. & Baxendine, S. (2005). The ‘ins and outs’ of work – diversity or homogeneity in New Zealand women’s employment patterns? (Population Studies Centre Discussion Paper No.49). Hamilton, New Zealand: University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/822
New Zealand has experienced sustained increases in women’s labour force participation since the post-war period. The Census of Population and Dwellings and the Household Labour Force Survey provide aggregate-level insights into labour force behaviour, relying on the compilation of cross-sectional data to provide indicators of long-term trends to women’s employment. What these data sources do not offer are clear pictures of the sequencing of women’s employment across the life course, in terms of periods in and out of work. These patterns have however been identified as key factors influencing women’s capacity to save and the persistence of gendered occupational status and earnings disparities. When observed across time, work patterns also provide insights to the changing overall lifetime attachment of women to the labour market. Using data from the 1995 sample survey New Zealand Women: Family, Employment, Education, we present descriptive findings on the work patterns of women born between 1936 and 1965, and use graphical techniques to depict these patterns in terms of spells in and out of work. A cohort perspective is taken. We then proceed to summarise the details of these individual work histories using summary measures which can then be corelated with potential explanatory factors.
University of Waikato, Population Studies Centre