Litvinenko, Y. E., & Effenberger, F. (2014). Analytical solutions of fractional diffusion-advection equation for solar cosmic-ray transport. The Astrophysical Journal, 796(2). http://doi.org/10.1088/0004-637X/796/2/125
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/8875
Motivated by recent applications of superdiffusive transport models to shock-accelerated particle distributions in the heliosphere, we analytically solve a one-dimensional fractional diffusion-advection equation for the particle density. We derive an exact Fourier transform solution, simplify it in a weak diffusion approximation, and compare the new solution with previously available analytical results and with a semi-numerical solution based on a Fourier series expansion. We apply the results to the problem of describing the transport of energetic particles, accelerated at a traveling heliospheric shock. Our analysis shows that significant errors may result from assuming an infinite initial distance between the shock and the observer. We argue that the shock travel time should be a parameter of a realistic superdiffusive transport model.
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This article is published in the Astrophysical Journal. © 2014 The American Astronomical Society.