Lowe, D. J., & Bostock, H. C. (2015). The Anthropocene: an Australasian perspective and survey. New Zealand Soil News, 67(2), 115–120.
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/9349
In 2000, Crutzen and Stoermer suggested that the Holocene (the geological period of time since 11,700 years ago: Walker et al., 2009) had finished and that humanity had now entered the “Anthropocene”. As summarised by Steffen et al. (2011) and Wolfe et al. (2013), these scientists were referring to the Anthropocene as the interval of demonstrable human alteration of global biogeochemical cycles, beginning subtly in the late 18th Century following James Watt’s invention of the coal-fired steam engine, and accelerating markedly in the mid-20th Century (called “The Great Acceleration”).
New Zealand Society of Soil Science
This article has been published in the journal: New Zealand Soil News. Used with permission.