Tarighaleslami, A. H., Walmsley, T. G., Walmsley, M. R. W., Atkins, M. J., & Neale, J. R. (2015). Heat Transfer Enhancement in Heat Recovery Loops Using Nanofluids as the Intermediate Fluid. Chemical Engineering Transactions, 45, 991–996. http://doi.org/10.3303/CET1545166
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/9669
In this paper, the effect of replacing water with various nanofluids as the heat transfer media in an industrial Heat Recovery Loop (HRL) have been modelled. Generally, nanofluids are prepared by distributing a nanoparticle through a base fluid such as water. Suspended nanoparticles slightly affect the thermal and physical properties of the base fluid. Primarily nanoparticles are added to improve the fluid’s heat transfer characteristics by increasing its Reynolds number and thermal conductivity. Results show that by applying various HRL design methods and a nanofluid as an intermediate fluid, an increase in heat recovery is possible without the need for extra heat exchanger area and infrastructure. With the addition of 1.5 vol.% CuO nanoparticles to the HRL fluid using constant temperature storage method, heat recovery from liquid-liquid heat exchangers increases between 5 % and 9 %. In the case of air-liquid exchangers, the air-side heat transfer coefficient limits the impact of using a nanofluid. In other cases, the duty available from the process stream, such as a condenser, significantly restricts the heat transfer benefit of using a nanofluid. Alternative to increasing heat recovery, results show that applying a nanofluid in the HRL design phase enables heat exchanger area to decrease significantly for liquid-liquid matches.
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