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Walmsley, T. G., Walmsley, M. R. W., Atkins, M. J., & Neale, J. R. (2015). Analysis of skim milk powder deposition on stainless steel tubes in cross-flow. Applied Thermal Engineering, 75, 941–949. http://doi.org/10.1016/j.applthermaleng.2014.10.066
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/9744
Particulate fouling on the gas side of heat recovery equipment is a common industrial problem. The aim of this study is to characterize the deposition of skim milk powder on a single bare tube in cross-flow. A custom built rig is applied to simulate exhaust air conditions that is experienced in an exhaust exchanger. For a constant airflow rate, increasing particle stickiness resulted in greater deposition coverage around the front of the round and elliptical tubes peaking in the middle, whereas the turned square tube tended to be either clear or covered. Results show that the skim milk powder particle impact angle on the tube, as opposed to the wall shear stress, is an important determinant for deposition. During each test and at the conclusion of each test, which was when fouling reached an asymptote, the amount of deposition coverage and build-up on the tube varied depending on the tube shape, particle stickiness, and air velocity.
This is an author’s accepted version of an article published in the journal: Applied Thermal Engineering. © 2015 Elsevier.