Litvinenko, Y. E., & McMahon, L. C. (2015). Hall MHD and electron inertia effects in current sheet formation at a magnetic neutral line. East Asian Journal on Applied Mathematics, 5(2), 109–125. http://doi.org/10.4208/eajam.160914.060315a
Permanent Research Commons link: http://hdl.handle.net/10289/9875
An exact self-similar solution is used to investigate current sheet formation at a magnetic neutral line in incompressible Hall magnetohydrodynamics. The collapse to a current sheet is modelled as a finite-time singularity in the solution for electric current density at the neutral line. We establish that a finite-time collapse to the current sheet can occur in Hall magnetohydrodynamics, and we find a criterion for the finite-time singularity in terms of the initial conditions. We derive an asymptotic solution for the singularity formation and a formula for the singularity formation time. The analytical results are illustrated by numerical solutions, and we also investigate an alternative similarity reduction. Finally, we generalise our solution to incorporate resistive, viscous and electron inertia terms.
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