Browsing by Author "Shepherd, Carlton"

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  • The applicability of ambient sensors as proximity evidence for NFC transactions

    Shepherd, Carlton; Gurulian, Iakovos; Frank, Eibe; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Akram, Raja Naeem; Panaousis, Emmanouil; Mayes, Keith (IEEE Computer Society, 2017)
    Near Field Communication (NFC) has enabled mobile phones to emulate contactless smart cards. Similar to contactless smart cards, they are also susceptible to relay attacks. To counter these, a number of methods have been ...
  • On the effectiveness of ambient sensing for detecting NFC Relay Attacks

    Gurulian, Iakovos; Shepherd, Carlton; Frank, Eibe; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Akram, Raja Naeem; Mayes, Keith (IEEE, 2017)
    Smartphones with Near-Field Communication (NFC) may emulate contactless smart cards, which has resulted in the deployment of various access control, transportation and payment services, such as Google Pay and Apple Pay. ...
  • Proximity assurances based on natural and artificial ambient environments

    Gurulian, Iakovos; Markantonakis, Konstantinos; Shepherd, Carlton; Frank, Eibe; Akram, Raja Naeem (Spinger, 2017)
    Relay attacks are passive man-in-the-middle attacks that aim to extend the physical distance of devices involved in a transaction beyond their operating environment. In the field of smart cards, distance bounding protocols ...