Now showing items 1-20 of 21

  • Bio-composites materials from engineered natural fibres for structural applications

    Mohd Ghazali, Aruan Efendy (University of Waikato, 2016)
    The large environmental footprint caused by conventional synthetic fibre reinforced petrochemical-derived polymer composites along with potential improvement in mechanical properties for natural fibre reinforced bio-derived ...
  • Biofibre Production from Chicken Feather

    Tseng, Fan-Chen Jeanie (University of Waikato, 2011)
    The global poultry industry generates at least 2 million tonnes of chicken feather every year. Feathers are currently hydrolysed into meal used for animal feed and fertilizer. Feather consists of 91% keratin, 1% lipid and ...
  • Biopolymer foams from Novatein thermoplastic protein and poly(lactic acid)

    Walallavita, Anuradha Sammani (The University of Waikato, 2018)
    Novatein is the only commercial thermoplastic protein made from bloodmeal, a highly denatured protein and a readily available by-product of the meat processing industry. One of the major limitations of Novatein is its ...
  • Bloodmeal Hydrolysate In Novatein Thermoplastic Protein

    Ahuja, Gaurav (University of Waikato, 2014)
    Novatein Thermoplastic (NTP) is a bloodmeal based plastic developed by the University of Waikato by mixing bloodmeal with water, additives and tri-ethylene glycol (TEG - a plasticiser and petroleum based product) so it can ...
  • Characterizing the cleaning process of chicken feathers.

    Sudalaiyandi, Ganesh (University of Waikato, 2012)
    Recently, there has been a surge in investigating the potential of using natural fibers for reinforcements in composite materials. One such natural fiber having immense potential for use in polymer composites is chicken ...
  • Decoloured Bloodmeal Based Bioplastic

    Low, Aaron (University of Waikato, 2012)
    Renewable and compostable bioplastics can be produced from biopolymers such as proteins. Animal blood is a by-product from meat processing and is rich in protein. It is dried into low value bloodmeal and is used as animal ...
  • Development of Bloodmeal Protein Thermoplastic Blends

    Marsilla, K. I. Ku (University of Waikato, 2015)
    This study investigated the compatibilization of Novatein® Thermoplastic Protein (NTP) blends with other polymers. NTP was blended with three different types of polymers;a petroleum-based polyolefin, (low-linear density ...
  • The eco-profile of thermoplastic protein derived from bloodmeal

    Bier, James Michael (The University of Waikato, 2010)
    Life cycle assessment (LCA) is a method that can be used to evaluate the eco-profile of a product over a portion of its life cycle. Novatein Thermoplastic Protein (NTP) is a second generation bio-based polymer being developed ...
  • Effects of Drying Conditions on Protein Properties of Blood meal

    Damba, Chawangwa (The University of Waikato, 2017)
    Blood meal is a by-product of the meat industry produced through drying of animal blood. It contains about 85 wt.% proteins. Drying has been used as a method to preserve biomaterials and involves lowering of the water ...
  • Environmental Aspects of Proteinous Bioplastic

    Hicks, Talia (The University of Waikato, 2010)
    During the processing of Novatein Thermoplastic Protein (NTP), volatile compounds are released which are odourous and potentially harmful. For NTP to be manufactured on a commercial scale the odour that currently arises ...
  • Factors affecting the replacement of wooden harvesting bins with plastic equivalents for the New Zealand kiwifruit industry

    Harmandeep, Jaura (University of Waikato, 2010)
    The New Zealand Kiwifruit Industry is one of the biggest in the world. New Zealand grown kiwifruit is exported to more than 60 countries with Europe, Japan, Asia and U.S being the major markets. Currently, wooden bins are ...
  • Harakeke fibre as reinforcement in epoxy matrix composites and its hybridisation with hemp fibre

    Le, Tan Minh (University of Waikato, 2016)
    Over the last few decades, due to increasing global awareness of environmental issues, there has been great interest and motivation in research to develop natural fibre composites to replace glass fibre composites in certain ...
  • Improving Impact Properties of Novatein through Polymer Blending and Reactive Extrusion

    Smith, Matthew J. (The University of Waikato, 2018)
    Novatein is a brittle thermoplastic made from protein and requires impact strength modification before it can be used in a wider variety of applications, such as in the agricultural, horticultural and meat processing ...
  • Oxidative Decolouring of Bloodmeal Using Peracetic Acid

    Hicks, Talia Maree (University of Waikato, 2015)
    Bloodmeal is an ancillary product of the agricultural industry, containing 80 – 100 % protein, and has been used to create a bio-based plastic called Novatein Thermoplastic Protein®, with a proprietary blend of sodium ...
  • Protein-Intercalated Bentonite for Bio-composites

    Shamsuddin, Rashid (University of Waikato, 2013)
    The application of clays in various fields such as agriculture, mining, construction, petroleum derivatives recovery, waste water treatment and material reinforcements is closely related to their unique properties including ...
  • Rheology and Processing of Novatein Thermoplastic Protein

    Mohan, Velram Balaji (University of Waikato, 2010)
    Biopolymers have become suitable alternatives to petro-chemical polymers as they can biodegrade and are considered environmentally friendly. Novatein Thermoplastic Protein (NTP) is a newly developed plastic material using ...
  • Sheet extrusion and plasticisation of Novatein thermoplastic protein

    Uitto, Jussi Matias (The University of Waikato, 2018)
    The purpose of this study was to develop a relationship between protein structure, rheological properties and plasticization of Novatein. Novatein is a biomass-based thermoplastic in which the main constituent is blood ...
  • Structural Changes and Chain Mobility During Processing of Bloodmeal-Based Thermoplastics

    Bier, James Michael (University of Waikato, 2013)
    The purpose of this study was to use concepts from classical polymer physics to develop a fundamental understanding of the interdependent relationship between structure, properties and processing in NovateinTM Thermoplastic ...
  • The Effect of Moisture Content and Extrusion Temperature on the Processing, Thermal and Mechanical Properties of Novatein®

    Izuchukwu, Sandra C.P. (University of Waikato, 2015)
    The recent effect of petroleum based synthetic plastic on economy and environment has led to ever increasing study of renewable natural polymers such as proteins. Novatein Thermoplastic (NTP) is a protein based thermoplastic ...
  • The Environmental and Economic Impacts for Producing the Port Jackson from Novatein®

    van der Merwe, De Wet (University of Waikato, 2014)
    Preserving meat quality is paramount during meat processing. Contamination is reduced by preventing contact between faecal matter and the carcass. Rectal plugs are used for this purpose during slaughtering, and the animal’s ...