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dc.contributor.authorAtkins, Martin Johnen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWalmsley, Michael R.W.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMorrison, Andrew S.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorNeale, James R.en_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2017-11-23T03:02:01Z
dc.date.available2012-04-01en_NZ
dc.date.available2017-11-23T03:02:01Z
dc.date.issued2012en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationAtkins, M. J., Walmsley, M. R. W., Morrison, A. S., & Neale, J. R. (2012). Process integration in pulp and paper mills for energy and water reduction - A review. Appita Journal, 65(2), 170–177.en
dc.identifier.issn1038-6807en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/11510
dc.description.abstractProcess integration (including pinch analysis) is a holistic or systems approach to process design and optimisation, which considers the interactions and interdependences between individual unit operations or process elements. Large reductions in both energy and water use in pulp and paper mills has been demonstrated using process integration techniques. A review of the current process integration techniques for energy and water reduction, with a focus on application to the pulp and paper industry is presented in this paper. The concurrent application of heat integration and water/mass integration analysis is discussed. Particular focus is given to published case studies. The integration of biorefineries into existing mills and the energy and water use implications is also receiving much attention and this development is also reviewed.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherAPPITAen_NZ
dc.rightsThis article is published in the Appita Journal. Used with permission.
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectTechnologyen_NZ
dc.subjectMaterials Science, Paper & Wooden_NZ
dc.subjectMaterials Scienceen_NZ
dc.subjectMATERIALS SCIENCE, PAPER & WOODen_NZ
dc.subjectPulp and paperen_NZ
dc.subjectProcess integrationen_NZ
dc.subjectPinch analysisen_NZ
dc.subjectWater minimisationen_NZ
dc.subjectEnergy efficiencyen_NZ
dc.subjectHEAT LOAD MODELen_NZ
dc.subjectUTILITY SYSTEMSen_NZ
dc.subjectPINCH ANALYSISen_NZ
dc.subjectEFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENTen_NZ
dc.subjectEXCESS HEATen_NZ
dc.subjectWASTE-WATERen_NZ
dc.subjectTRADE-OFFSen_NZ
dc.subjectFOREST BIOREFINERYen_NZ
dc.subjectRECOVERY SYSTEMSen_NZ
dc.subjectMASS-INTEGRATIONen_NZ
dc.titleProcess integration in pulp and paper mills for energy and water reduction - A reviewen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.relation.isPartOfAppita Journalen_NZ
pubs.begin-page170
pubs.elements-id205758
pubs.end-page177
pubs.issue2en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume65en_NZ


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