The Effect of Cell Immobilization by Calcium Alginate on Bacterially Induced Calcium Carbonate Precipitation
Seifan, M., Samani, A. K., Hewitt, S., & Berenjian, A. (2017). The Effect of Cell Immobilization by Calcium Alginate on Bacterially Induced Calcium Carbonate Precipitation. Fermentation, 3(4), 57–57. https://doi.org/10.3390/fermentation3040057
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/11796
Microbially induced mineral precipitation is recognized as a widespread phenomenon in nature. A diverse range of minerals including carbonate, sulphides, silicates, and phosphates can be produced through biomineralization. Calcium carbonate (CaCO₃) is one of the most common substances used in various industries and is mostly extracted by mining. In recent years, production of CaCO₃ by bacteria has drawn much attention because it is an environmentally- and health-friendly pathway. Although CaCO₃ can be produced by some genera of bacteria through autotrophic and heterotrophic pathways, the possibility of producing CaCO₃ in different environmental conditions has remained a challenge to determine. In this study, calcium alginate was proposed as a protective carrier to increase the bacterial tolerance to extreme environmental conditions. The model showed that the highest concentration of CaCO₃ is achieved when the bacterial cells are immobilized in the calcium alginate beads fabricated using 1.38% w/v Na-alginate and 0.13 M CaCl₂.
This article is published in the Fermentation. © 2017 MDPI.