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dc.contributor.authorJoshanloo, Mohsenen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWeijers, Dan M.en_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2019-07-02T20:45:11Z
dc.date.available2019-03-27en_NZ
dc.date.available2019-07-02T20:45:11Z
dc.date.issued2019en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationJoshanloo, M., & Weijers, D. M. (2019). A two-dimensional conceptual framework for understanding mental well-being. PLOS ONE, 14(3). https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0214045en
dc.identifier.issn1932-6203en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/12671
dc.description.abstractThe complex nature of mental well-being is reflected in the great diversity of variables thought to represent aspects of mental flourishing. Discovering the underlying structure of mental well-being is important for a full understanding of this complex construct. Using data from 3 countries (the United States, Japan, and Iran), we performed multi-dimensional scaling to analyze the representation of 9 hedonic and eudaimonic well-being variables in a 2-dimensional psychological space. The analyses revealed 2 interpretable underlying dimensions across cultures and gender groups. The first dimension—eudaimonic well-being versus hedonic well-being—is well-known to well-being researchers. The second dimension—existential relatedness versus Epicurean independence—has not been recognized before. Existential relatedness is the characteristic of being meaningfully interconnected with things other than oneself, and is mainly based on the variables positive relations with others, personal growth, purpose in life, and life satisfaction. Epicurean independence is the characteristic of being relatively free of painful experiences and not feeling the need to have ones’ views accepted by anyone but oneself. Epicurean independence is mainly based on the variables autonomy and absence of negative affect. We explain these dimensions in detail and discuss the implications for well-being research and policy.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherPublic Library Scienceen_NZ
dc.rights© 2019 Joshanloo, Weijers. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary Sciencesen_NZ
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topicsen_NZ
dc.subjectFORM MHC-SFen_NZ
dc.subjectpersonal growthen_NZ
dc.subjecthappinessen_NZ
dc.subjecthealthen_NZ
dc.subjectsatisfactionen_NZ
dc.subjectperspectiveen_NZ
dc.subjectCommunionen_NZ
dc.subjectValidityen_NZ
dc.subjectculturesen_NZ
dc.subjectpeopleen_NZ
dc.titleA two-dimensional conceptual framework for understanding mental well-beingen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1371/journal.pone.0214045en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfPLOS ONEen_NZ
pubs.elements-id236626
pubs.issue3en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume14en_NZ
uow.identifier.article-noARTN e0214045


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