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dc.contributor.authorLehtonen, Eskoen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMalhotra, Nehaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorStarkey, Nicola J.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCharlton, Samuel G.en_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-05-17T22:15:54Z
dc.date.available2020-03-18en_NZ
dc.date.available2020-05-17T22:15:54Z
dc.date.issued2020en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationLehtonen, E., Malhotra, N., Starkey, N. J., & Charlton, S. G. (2020). Speedometer monitoring when driving with a speed warning system. European Transport Research Review, 12(1). https://doi.org/10.1186/s12544-020-00408-8en
dc.identifier.issn1867-0717en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/13566
dc.description.abstractAim The study investigated how a speed warning system influence drivers’ speedometer monitoring, and how drivers respond when they receive a speed warning. With a speed warning system, drivers may pay more attention to the exact speed, which would be expected to increase glances to the speedometer. Methods Nineteen participants drove in a driving simulator, either with or without a speed warning system implemented on a smartphone, which alerted them if they exceeded the set speed limit. Their glances to the speedometer and speed warning system’s display were recorded with an eye tracker. Results Drivers sped less with the warning system. The system did not significantly change the speedometer monitoring. Speeding was preceded by fewer speedometer glances, indicating the speeding was linked to participants’ momentary inattention to their speed control. After a warning, the frequency of speedometer glances increased. Interestingly, drivers often started to glance at the speedometer and release the accelerator a couple of seconds before a warning, suggesting that drivers learn to anticipate warnings. The results suggest that drivers do not only react to warnings, but they also actively try to avoid them. Understanding drivers’ speed control with speed warning system may help to create adaptive ISA systems.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherSpringer Openen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://etrr.springeropen.com/articles/10.1186/s12544-020-00408-8
dc.rights© The Author(s). 2020 Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article's Creative Commons licence, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this licence, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectTechnologyen_NZ
dc.subjectTransportationen_NZ
dc.subjectTransportation Science & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectEye movementsen_NZ
dc.subjectIntelligent speed adaptationen_NZ
dc.subjectIn-vehicle information systemsen_NZ
dc.subjectDistractionen_NZ
dc.subjectAnticipationen_NZ
dc.subjectLOOK-AHEAD FIXATIONSen_NZ
dc.subjectEYE-MOVEMENTSen_NZ
dc.subjectCURVEen_NZ
dc.subjectMEMORYen_NZ
dc.subjectRISKen_NZ
dc.titleSpeedometer monitoring when driving with a speed warning systemen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1186/s12544-020-00408-8en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfEuropean Transport Research Reviewen_NZ
pubs.elements-id252312
pubs.issue1en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume12en_NZ
dc.identifier.eissn1866-8887en_NZ
uow.identifier.article-noARTN 16


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