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dc.contributor.authorGrass, Ingoen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKubitza, Christophen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKrishna, Vijesh V.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorCorre, Marife D.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorMusshoff, Oliveren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPuetz, Peteren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDrescher, Jochenen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRembold, Katjaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorAriyanti, Eka Sulpinen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBarnes, Andrew D.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBrinkmann, Nicoleen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBrose, Ulrichen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBruemmer, Bernharden_NZ
dc.contributor.authorBuchori, Damayantien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDaniel, Rolfen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorDarras, Kevin F.A.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFaust, Heikoen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorFehrmann, Lutzen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHein, Jonasen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHennings, Ninaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHidayat, Purnamaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorHoelscher, Dirken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorJochum, Malteen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKnohl, Alexanderen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKotowska, Martyna M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKrashevska, Valentynaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorKreft, Holgeren_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLeuschner, Christophen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorLobite, Neil Jun S.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPanjaitan, Rawatien_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPolle, Andreaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPotapov, Anton M.en_NZ
dc.contributor.authorPurnama, Edwineen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorQaim, Matinen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorRoell, Alexanderen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorScheu, Stefanen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSchneider, Dominiken_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTjoa, Aiyenen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorTscharntke, Tejaen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorVeldkamp, Edzoen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorWollni, Meikeen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-08-27T03:02:57Z
dc.date.available2020-08-27T03:02:57Z
dc.date.issued2020en_NZ
dc.identifier.citationGrass, I., Kubitza, C., Krishna, V. V., Corre, M. D., Musshoff, O., Puetz, P., … Wollni, M. (2020). Trade-offs between multifunctionality and profit in tropical smallholder landscapes. Nature Communications, 11(1). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41467-020-15013-5en
dc.identifier.issn2041-1723en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/13763
dc.description.abstractLand-use transitions can enhance the livelihoods of smallholder farmers but potential economic-ecological trade-offs remain poorly understood. Here, we present an interdisciplinary study of the environmental, social and economic consequences of land-use transitions in a tropical smallholder landscape on Sumatra, Indonesia. We find widespread biodiversity-profit trade-offs resulting from land-use transitions from forest and agroforestry systems to rubber and oil palm monocultures, for 26,894 aboveground and belowground species and whole-ecosystem multidiversity. Despite variation between ecosystem functions, profit gains come at the expense of ecosystem multifunctionality, indicating far-reaching ecosystem deterioration. We identify landscape compositions that can mitigate trade-offs under optimal land-use allocation but also show that intensive monocultures always lead to higher profits. These findings suggest that, to reduce losses in biodiversity and ecosystem functioning, changes in economic incentive structures through well-designed policies are urgently needed.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherNature Publishing Groupen_NZ
dc.rightsThis article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made. The images or other third party material in this article are included in the article’s Creative Commons license, unless indicated otherwise in a credit line to the material. If material is not included in the article’s Creative Commons license and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. To view a copy of this license, visit http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/.
dc.subjectScience & Technologyen_NZ
dc.subjectMultidisciplinary Sciencesen_NZ
dc.subjectScience & Technology - Other Topicsen_NZ
dc.subjectOIL PALM PLANTATIONSen_NZ
dc.subjectLAND-USEen_NZ
dc.subjectECOSYSTEM MULTIFUNCTIONALITYen_NZ
dc.subjectBIODIVERSITYen_NZ
dc.subjectFORESTen_NZ
dc.subjectRUBBERen_NZ
dc.subjectCONVERSIONen_NZ
dc.subjectDIVERSITYen_NZ
dc.subjectEXPANSIONen_NZ
dc.subjectIMPACTSen_NZ
dc.titleTrade-offs between multifunctionality and profit in tropical smallholder landscapesen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.1038/s41467-020-15013-5en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfNature Communicationsen_NZ
pubs.elements-id251614
pubs.issue1en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublisheden_NZ
pubs.volume11en_NZ
uow.identifier.article-noARTN 1186


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