## Biembeddings of cycle systems using integer Heffter arrays

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##### Citation

Export citationCavenagh, N. J., Donovan, D. M., & Yazıcı, E. S. (2020). Biembeddings of cycle systems using integer Heffter arrays. Journal of Combinatorial Designs, 1–23. https://doi.org/10.1002/jcd.21753

Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/13866

##### Abstract

In this paper, we use constructions of Heffter arrays to verify the existence of face 2‐colorable embeddings of cycle decompositions of the complete graph. Specifically, for n ≡ 1 (mod 4) and k ≡3(mod 4), n k ≫ ⩾ 7 and when n ≡ 0(mod 3) then k ≡ 7(mod 12), there exist face 2-colorable embeddings of the complete graph K₂ₙₖ₊₁ onto an orientable surface where each face is a cycle of a fixed length k. In these embeddings the vertices of K₂ₙₖ₊₁ will be labeled with the elements of Z₂ₙₖ₊₁ in such a way that the group, (Z₂ₙₖ₊₁, +) acts sharply transitively on the vertices of the embedding. This result is achieved by verifying the existence of nonequivalent Heffter arrays, H (n ; k), which satisfy the conditions: (1) for each row and each column the sequential partial sums determined by the natural ordering must be distinct modulo 2nk + 1; (2) the composition of the natural orderings of the rows and columns is equivalent to a single cycle permutation on the entries in the array. The existence of Heffter arrays H (n ; k) that satisfy condition (1) was established earlier in Burrage et al. and in this current paper, we vary this construction and show, for k ⩾ 11, that there are at least (n − 2)[((k − 11)/4)!/ ]² such nonequivalent H (n ; k) that satisfy both conditions (1) and (2).

##### Date

2020##### Type

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Wiley

##### Rights

This is an author's accepted version of an article published in Journal of Combinatorial designs. ©2020 Wiley.