Show simple item record  

dc.contributor.authorKadivar, Marziehen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGauss, Christianen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorGhavami, Khosrowen_NZ
dc.contributor.authorSavastano, Holmeren_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-12T20:39:58Z
dc.date.available2020-10-12T20:39:58Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.identifier.citationKadivar, M., Gauss, C., Ghavami, K., & Savastano, H. (2020). Densification of bamboo: State of the art. Materials, 13(19), 4346–4346. https://doi.org/10.3390/ma13194346en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/13887
dc.description.abstractDensification processes are used to improve the mechanical and physical properties of lignocellulose materials by either collapsing the cell cavities or by filling up the pores, consequently reducing the void volume fraction. This paper focuses on an extensive review of bamboo densification process, which is achieved by compressing the material in the direction perpendicular to the fibers using mainly two different techniques: an open system, thermo-mechanical (TM), or a closed system, viscoelastic-thermal-compression (VTC). The main aim of bamboo densification is to decrease its heterogeneity, as well as to improve its mechanical and physical performance. In addition, densification may occur during the manufacturing of bamboo products in which hot-pressing processes are used to mold bamboo panels. There are over 1600 publications about bamboo, concentrated in the recent decade, mainly about engineered materials. Although several papers regarding bamboo and wood densification are available, very few studies have comprehensively investigated the densification process solely through compression of natural bamboo culms. According to the literature, applying a combination of compression of 6–12 MPa at temperatures between 120–170 °C for 8–20 min can produce materials with higher strength in comparison to the mechanical properties of natural bamboo. The majority of research on bamboo densification indicates that the modified material results in improved properties in terms of density, hardness, bending strength, stiffness, and durability. This paper provides a review that consolidates knowledge on the concept of bamboo culm densification, discusses the roles of parameters that control the process, ascertains the best practice, and finally determines gaps in this field of knowledge.en_NZ
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoenen_NZ
dc.publisherMDPI AGen_NZ
dc.rights© 2020 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland. This article is an open access article distributed under the terms and conditions of the Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/).
dc.titleDensification of bamboo: State of the arten_NZ
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.identifier.doi10.3390/ma13194346en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfMaterialsen_NZ
pubs.begin-page4346
pubs.elements-id257757
pubs.end-page4346
pubs.issue19en_NZ
pubs.publication-statusPublished onlineen_NZ
pubs.volume13en_NZ
dc.identifier.eissn1996-1944en_NZ


Files in this item

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record