Siddiqui, H. A., Pickering, K. L., & Mucalo, M. R. (2020). Study of biomorphic calcium deficient hydroxyapatite fibres derived from a natural Harakeke (Phormium Tenax) leaf fibre template. Bioinspiration & Biomimetics. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-3190/abbc64
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/13899
The complex structure of natural bio-organic matter has inspired scientists to utilise these as templates to design "biomorphic materials", which retain the intricate architecture of the materials while acting as a useful bioactive material. Biomorphic hydroxyapatite-based fibres were synthesised using Harakeke leaf fibre as a template, which constitutes a powerful method for manufacturing bioactive ceramic fibres. Furthermore, in creating the hydroxyapatite-based fibres, a natural source of calcium and phosphate ions (from bovine bone) was utilised to create the digest solution in which the leaf fibres were immersed prior to their calcination to form the inorganic fibres. Chemical, thermogravimetric and microscopic characterisation confirmed that the final product was able to successfully replicate the shape of the fibres and furthermore be transformed into calcium deficient, bone-like hydroxyapatite.
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