White, J. H., Domínguez-Villar, D., & Hartland, A. (2021). Condensation corrosion alters the oxygen and carbon isotope ratios of speleothem and limestone surfaces. Results in Geochemistry, 100008–100008. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ringeo.2021.100008
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/14157
Condensation corrosion is a natural process which enhances the chemical weathering of limestone cave chambers and speleothems. We evaluated the use of carbonate tablets for detecting condensation corrosion in Glowworm Cave, New Zealand, using local limestone and speleothem as experimental substrates (herein tablets). Evidence for condensation corrosion was assessed via three methods: gravimetric (mass wasting), microscopic (surface pitting, recrystallization) and isotopic (δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O changes). Our results show little evidence of tablet mass loss throughout a 6-month deployment period. However, SEM imaging and isotope analysis (δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O) of the upper ∼50 μm layer of the tablets, suggest that condensation corrosion operates in the cave, especially in sectors affected by large diurnal microclimate variations. Most notably, condensation water altered the tablet surface δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O values. Small, positive shifts in surface δ¹³C and δ¹⁸O values are considered to reflect pure dissolution (where dissolution favours the removal of lighter isotopologues). In contrast, tablets that exhibited large positive shifts in δ¹³C in tandem with large negative shifts in δ¹⁸O values, are interpreted as showing calcite recrystallization and the inheritance of higher DIC δ¹³C values (¹³C fractionation by CO₂ degassing), lighter water δ¹⁸O values and/or kinetic fractionation of δ¹⁸O. This study therefore demonstrates that stable isotopes could be applied to detect paleoclimatic episodes of condensation corrosion in speleothems.
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