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dc.contributor.advisorAnderson, Angelika
dc.contributor.authorEdward, Mtakwa
dc.date.accessioned2021-07-09T03:00:52Z
dc.date.available2021-07-09T03:00:52Z
dc.date.issued2021
dc.identifier.citationEdward , M. (2021). Mindfulness-based stress reduction in a correctional facility: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the impact of violent behaviour (Thesis, Master of Applied Psychology (MAppPsy)). The University of Waikato, Hamilton, New Zealand. Retrieved from https://hdl.handle.net/10289/14432en
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/14432
dc.description.abstractCriminal behaviours can often lead to a prison sentence, and a prison sentence suggests that justice has been served. It appears that correctional facilities worldwide have been inundated with prisoners serving time for a variety of reasons. Though a prison sentence serves as punishment for perpetrators, it can often cause psychological harm for both prisoners and their families. As a result of more relevant research being conducted, several intensive rehabilitative programmes are being run in correctional facilities worldwide to address criminal behaviours such as violence. These intensive programmes aim to teach prisoners to understand the relationships between intrusive thought patterns that may or may not be associated with past traumatic events, emotional dysregulation, and poor behaviour leading to violent offending. The present study examined the impact of Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction (MBSR) on prisoners' psychological wellbeing in correctional facilities worldwide. It was completed by running a meta-analysis on four studies based in the United States of America (USA), China, and the Netherlands and across various ethnic and cultural groups, which analysed this relationship. The results indicated that MBSR could be an effective treatment modality to run alongside intensive therapies. Furthermore, the overall effect size suggested a positive but not significant relationship between MBSR and improved psychological wellbeing. It is suggested that further research using experimental designs be explored in this field to allow for further analysis to be examined. The main objective of this review was to answer two questions: 'Is the use of MBSR in correctional facilities effective in helping reduce recidivism rates?' and 'Will the use of MBSR be effective with different cultural and ethnical populations in correctional facilities?' The conclusion of the meta-analysis in the current study suggests that yes, it is possible to reduce recidivism rates through using MBSR as an effective treatment in correctional facilities. Furthermore, it can be successfully implemented across people of different cultures and ethnicities.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherThe University of Waikato
dc.rightsAll items in Research Commons are provided for private study and research purposes and are protected by copyright with all rights reserved unless otherwise indicated.
dc.subjectMBSR
dc.subjectMindfulness
dc.subject.lcshMindfulness-based cognitive therapy -- Cross-cultural studies
dc.subject.lcshMeditation -- Therapeutic use
dc.subject.lcshViolent offenders -- Psychology
dc.subject.lcshPrisoners -- Psychology
dc.subject.lcshPsychic trauma -- Treatment
dc.subject.lcshPost-traumatic stress disorder -- Treatment
dc.subject.lcshWell-being -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcshStress management -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcshCriminal behavior -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcshBehavior modification -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcshBehavior therapy -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcshCognitive therapy -- Psychological aspects
dc.subject.lcshRecidivism -- Psychological aspects
dc.titleMindfulness-based stress reduction in a correctional facility: A systematic literature review and meta-analysis on the impact of violent behaviour
dc.typeThesis
thesis.degree.grantorThe University of Waikato
thesis.degree.levelMasters
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Applied Psychology (MAppPsy)
dc.date.updated2021-07-06T11:25:35Z
pubs.place-of-publicationHamilton, New Zealanden_NZ


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