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dc.contributor.authorHarlow, Stephenen_NZ
dc.contributor.editorWright, Nen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2023-11-17T01:37:22Z
dc.date.available2023-11-17T01:37:22Z
dc.date.issued2016en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/16160
dc.description.abstractIn a world where man-made carbon emissions are exacerbating the natural warming of the earth, with serious consequences, it is beholden on universities to show leadership by accounting for, and mitigating, their carbon emissions. This research accounts for the carbon-based environmental impact of the face-to-face and online delivery of higher education at the University of Waikato. Drawing on an existing environmental assessment methodology, data was gathered by web-based survey on the key sources of carbon emissions associated with a student’s university study, namely: travel, place of residence, and use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) and paper. As part of updating and localising the methodology, new calculations were made for internet, textbook, residential and campus site energies and an improved method for computing the impact of printing was developed. The data were analysed, allowing for comparisons to be made between online and face-to-face students’ carbon emissions, and with some care the limited previous research. The main sources of carbon-based environmental impact were travel, campus and residential energy. Online students’ emissions were, on average, one-third of those of their on-campus peers.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherDistance Educators Association of New Zealanden_NZ
dc.relation.urihttps://flanz.org.nz/flanzorg/wp-content/uploads/2016/06/DEANZ16-Conference-proceedings11-April.pdf#page=49en_NZ
dc.rights© 2016 The Author. This work is licensed under a CC BY 4.0 licence.
dc.sourceThere and back: Charting flexible pathways in open, mobile and distance educationen_NZ
dc.titleThe carbon-based environmental impact of learning at the University of Waikatoen_NZ
dc.typeConference Contribution
dc.relation.isPartOfDEANZ16: Conference Proceedingsen_NZ
pubs.elements-id319743


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