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dc.contributor.authorBunce, M.
dc.contributor.authorWorthy, Trevor H.
dc.contributor.authorPhillips, M.J.
dc.contributor.authorHoldaway, R.N.
dc.contributor.authorWillerslev, E.
dc.contributor.authorHaile, J.
dc.contributor.authorShapiro, B.
dc.contributor.authorScofield, R.P.
dc.contributor.authorDrummond, A.
dc.contributor.authorKamp, Peter J.J.
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Alan
dc.coverage.spatialUnited Statesen_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2010-07-20T23:42:33Z
dc.date.available2010-07-20T23:42:33Z
dc.date.issued2009
dc.identifier.citationBunce, M., Worthy, T.H., Phillips, M.J., Holdaway, R.N., Willerslev, E., …, Cooper, A. (2009). The evolutionary history of the extinct ratite moa and New Zealand Neogene paleogeography. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 106(49), 20646-20651.en_NZ
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/4174
dc.description.abstractThe ratite moa (Aves: Dinornithiformes) were a speciose group of massive graviportal avian herbivores that dominated the New Zealand (NZ) ecosystem until their extinction ≈600 years ago. The phylogeny and evolutionary history of this morphologically diverse order has remained controversial since their initial description in 1839. We synthesize mitochondrial phylogenetic information from 263 subfossil moa specimens from across NZ with morphological, ecological, and new geological data to create the first comprehensive phylogeny, taxonomy, and evolutionary timeframe for all of the species of an extinct order. We also present an important new geological/paleogeographical model of late Cenozoic NZ, which suggests that terrestrial biota on the North and South Island landmasses were isolated for most of the past 20–30 Ma. The data reveal that the patterns of genetic diversity within and between different moa clades reflect a complex history following a major marine transgression in the Oligocene, affected by marine barriers, tectonic activity, and glacial cycles. Surprisingly, the remarkable morphological radiation of moa appears to have occurred much more recently than previous early Miocene (ca. 15 Ma) estimates, and was coincident with the accelerated uplift of the Southern Alps just ca. 5–8.5 Ma. Together with recent fossil evidence, these data suggest that the recent evolutionary history of nearly all of the iconic NZ terrestrial biota occurred principally on just the South Island.en_NZ
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherThe National Academy of Sciencesen_NZ
dc.relation.urihttp://www.pnas.org/content/106/49/20646en_NZ
dc.subjectancient DNAen_NZ
dc.subjectOligocene Drowningen_NZ
dc.subjectDinornithiformesen_NZ
dc.subjectphylogenyen_NZ
dc.subjecttaxonomyen_NZ
dc.titleThe evolutionary history of the extinct ratite moa and New Zealand Neogene paleogeographyen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1073/pnas.0906660106en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfPNAS Early Editionen_NZ
pubs.begin-page20646en_NZ
pubs.elements-id34626
pubs.end-page20651en_NZ
pubs.issue49en_NZ
pubs.volume106en_NZ


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