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dc.contributor.authorGarland, Ron
dc.contributor.authorCharbonneau, Jan
dc.contributor.authorMacpherson, Terry
dc.identifier.citationGarland, R., Charbonneau, J. & Macpherson, T. (2008). Measuring sport sponsorship effectiveness: links to existing behaviour. Innovative Marketing, 4(1), 46-51.en_NZ
dc.description.abstractThe expanding role of sponsorship in the communications mix has generated increased attention to, debate about, and demand for effective measures. Yet there is no universally accepted approach to measuring sponsorship effectiveness. At the core of the sponsorship effectiveness debate is the role information processing plays in influencing consumers. Some commentators emphasize cognitive/emotional responses as fostering behavior while others view sponsorship as primarily serving to reinforce existing brand-related behaviors. As such, evaluation of sponsorship effectiveness, whether in sport or general sponsorship remains a vexing issue for marketers, sponsors and academics alike. Using New Zealand rugby fan reactions to sponsorship, this research contrasts two cognitive measures (free and prompted sponsor awareness) with two behavioral measures (past and future intended sponsor brand purchase). Future purchase intentions had the highest correlations with recent past purchase. In response to a single-item, direct question on the probability of sponsor purchase because of their home team sponsorship, the correlations remained high. This suggests that sponsorship reinforces existing purchase behavior, making, by inference, sponsorship more suitable for larger, well-known brands. Claiming that sponsorship can affect consumers in ways beyond reinforcement of existing behavior remains unproven.en_NZ
dc.publisherBusiness Perspectivesen_NZ
dc.subjectsport sponsorshipen_NZ
dc.subjecteffectiveness measurementen_NZ
dc.subjectcognitive and behavioral measurementen_NZ
dc.titleMeasuring sport sponsorship effectiveness: links to existing behaviouren_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfInnovative Marketingen_NZ

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