Holocene volcanic soils in the Mt. Gambier region, South Australia
Takesako, H., Lowe, D.J., Churchman, J. & Chittleborough, D. (2010). Holocene volcanic soils in the Mt. Gambier region, South Australia. In Gilkes, R.J. & Prakongkep, N. (Eds.), Proceedings of 19th World Congress of Social Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia (pp. 47-50).
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/5258
Volcanic soils derived from mid-Holocene basaltic tephra in the Mt. Gambier region of South Australia have developed in a xeric moisture regime. We studied two soils, one at Mt Gambier (MTG) and the other at nearby Mt Schank (MTS). Both volcanoes were active ca. 6000 cal. years ago. The MTG soil has a high content of CaCO₃ (incorporated during eruption through limestone) and other exotic materials intermixed with basaltic tephra containing low amounts of glass. The MTS soil is derived mainly from basaltic tephra with high glass content and much less CaCO₃ than at MTG. These parent mineralogies have led to markedly different clay compositions and chemical properties: the MTS soil contains abundant allophane (mainly) and ferrihydrite with few layer silicate clays, whereas the MTG soil is dominated by layer silicate clays and low allophane or ferrihydrite. Both soils are near neutral or alkaline. The MTS soil has a melanic horizon and andic properties and is classed as a Melanoxerand. The MTG soil has weak andic properties with insufficient glass to enable it to be classed in the Andisols, and is instead a Calcixeroll.
This article has been published in Proceedings of 19th World Congress of Social Science, Soil Solutions for a Changing World, 1-6 August 2010, Brisbane, Australia.