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dc.contributor.authorPoling, Alan
dc.contributor.authorWeeden, Marc A.
dc.contributor.authorRedner, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorFoster, T. Mary
dc.identifier.citationPoling, A., Weeden, M.A., Redner, R. & Foster, T.M. (2011). Switch hitting in baseball: Apparent rule-following, not matching. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 96, 283-289.en_NZ
dc.description.abstractMany studies, including some dealing with shot selection in basketball and play selection in football, demonstrate that the generalized matching equation provides a good description of the allocation of time and effort to alternative responses as a function of the consequences of those alternatives. We examined whether it did so with respect to left- and right-handed at bats (alternative responses) and left- and right-handed total bases earned, runs batted in, and home runs (three consequences) for the outstanding baseball switch-hitters Mickey Mantle, Eddie Murray, and Pete Rose. With all hitters, undermatching, suggesting insensitivity to the consequences of behavior (reinforcement), was evident and there was substantial bias towards left-handed at bats. These players apparently chose handedness based on the rule “bat opposite the pitcher,” not on differential consequences obtained in major league games. The present findings are significant in representing a counter-instance of demonstrations of a matching relationship in sports in particular and in human behavior in general and in calling attention to the need for further study of the variables that affect choice.en_NZ
dc.subjectmatching equationen_NZ
dc.subjectgeneralized matching equationen_NZ
dc.subjectmatching lawen_NZ
dc.subjectsports psychologyen_NZ
dc.subjectrule-governed behavioren_NZ
dc.titleSwitch hitting in baseball: Apparent rule-following, not matchingen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavioren_NZ

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