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dc.contributor.authorNiederberger, Thomas D.
dc.contributor.authorSohm, Jill A.
dc.contributor.authorTirindelli, Joëlle
dc.contributor.authorGunderson, Troy
dc.contributor.authorCapone, Douglas G.
dc.contributor.authorCarpenter, Edward J.
dc.contributor.authorCary, S. Craig
dc.identifier.citationNiederberger, T. D., Sohm, J. A., Tirindelli, J., Gunderson, T., Capone, D. G., Carpenter, E. J. and Cary, C.S. (2012), Diverse and highly active diazotrophic assemblages inhabit ephemerally wetted soils of the Antarctic Dry Valleys. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 82(2), 376-390.en_NZ
dc.description.abstractEolian transport of biomass from ephemerally wetted soils, associated with summer glacial meltwater runoffs and lake edges, to low-productivity areas of the Antarctic Dry Valleys (DV) has been postulated to be an important source of organic matter (fixed nitrogen and fixed carbon) to the entire DV ecosystem. However, descriptions and identification of the microbial members responsible for N₂ fixation within these wetted sites are limited. In this study, N₂ fixers from wetted soils were identified by direct nifH gene sequencing and their in situ N₂ fixation activities documented via acetylene reduction and RNA-based quantitative PCR assays. Shannon-index nifH diversity levels ranged between 1.8 and 2.6 and included the expected cyanobacterial signatures and a large number of phylotypes related to the gamma-, beta-, alpha-, and delta-proteobacteria. N₂ fixation rates ranged between approximately 0.5 and 6 nmol N cm⁻³ h⁻¹ with measurements indicating that approximately 50% of this activity was linked with sulfate reduction at some sites. Comparisons with proximal dry soils also suggested that these communities are not ubiquitously distributed, and conditions unrelated to moisture content may define the composition, diversity, or habitat suitability of the microbial communities within wetted soils of the DVs.en_NZ
dc.publisherBlackwell Publishing Ltden_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofFEMS Microbiology Ecology
dc.subjectDry Valleyen_NZ
dc.titleDiverse and highly active diazotrophic assemblages inhabit ephemerally wetted soils of the Antarctic Dry Valleysen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfFEMS Microbiology Ecologyen_NZ

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