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dc.contributor.authorBeltran, Jesusa C.
dc.contributor.authorWhite, Benedict
dc.contributor.authorBurton, Michael
dc.contributor.authorDoole, Graeme J.
dc.contributor.authorPannell, David J.
dc.identifier.citationBeltran, J. C., White, B., Burton, M., Doole, G. J., & Pannell, D. J. (2013). Determinants of herbicide use in rice production in the Philippines. Agricultural Economics, 44(1), 45-55.en_NZ
dc.description.abstractThis study identifies farm-specific and market factors affecting the adoption of herbicides and the level of herbicide use by rice farmers in the Philippines. This requires the application of a modified version of Heckman's two-step method to estimate a random-effects double-hurdle model for unbalanced panel data. The age of the farmer, household size, and irrigation use are significant determinants of the decision of farmers to adopt herbicides as an alternative to manual weeding, while economic variables such as the price of herbicides, total income, and access to credit determine the level of herbicide use. Determinants of both adoption and level are land ownership, farm area, and the method of crop establishment. These results are potentially relevant when designing policies to reduce excessive herbicide use or to encourage the adoption of alternative weed control methods such as integrated weed management.en_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofAgricultural Economics
dc.subjectherbicide useen_NZ
dc.subjectdouble-hurdle modelen_NZ
dc.subjectadoption of innovationsen_NZ
dc.subjectintegrated weed managementen_NZ
dc.titleDeterminants of herbicide use in rice production in the Philippinesen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfAgricultural Economicsen_NZ

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