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dc.contributor.authorHarris, Aimee Rebecca
dc.contributor.authorFoster, T. Mary
dc.contributor.authorLevine, Joshua
dc.contributor.authorTemple, William
dc.date.accessioned2013-01-09T03:52:27Z
dc.date.available2013-01-09T03:52:27Z
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationHarris, A., Foster, T.M., Levine, J. & Temple, W. (2012). Effects of a signaled delay to reinforcement in the previous and upcoming ratios on between-ratio pausing in fixed-ratio schedules. Journal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavior, 98(3), 295-309.en_NZ
dc.identifier.issn0022-5002
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/7002
dc.description.abstractDomestic hens responded under multiple fixed-ratio fixed-ratio schedules with equal fixed ratios. One component provided immediate reinforcement and the other provided reinforcement after a delay, signaled by the offset of the key light. The components were presented quasirandomly so that all four possible transitions occurred in each session. The delay was varied over 0, 4, 8, 16, and 32 s with fixed-ratio 5 schedules, and over 0, 8 and 32 s with fixed-ratio 1, 15 and 40 schedules. Main effects of fixed-ratio value and delay duration were detected on between-ratio pauses. Pauses were longer when the multiple-schedule stimulus correlated with a delayed-reinforcer component was presented, with the longest pauses occurring at the transition from a component with an immediate reinforcer to one with a delayed reinforcer. Pause durations were shortest during immediate components. Overall, both the presence or absence of a delay in the upcoming component, and the presence or absence of a delay in the preceding component affected pause length, but the upcoming delay had the larger effect. Thus changes in delay had similar effects to past reports of the effects of changes in response force, response requirement, and reinforcer magnitude in multiple fixed-ratio fixed-ratio schedules.en_NZ
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherSociety for the Experimental Analysis of Behavioren_NZ
dc.subjectfixed-ratio schedulesen_NZ
dc.subjectmultiple schedulesen_NZ
dc.subjectdelay to reinforcementen_NZ
dc.subjectpost-reinforcement pauseen_NZ
dc.subjectpre-ratio pauseen_NZ
dc.subjectbetween-ratio pauseen_NZ
dc.subjectkey-pecken_NZ
dc.subjectdomestic hensen_NZ
dc.titleEffects of a signaled delay to reinforcement in the previous and upcoming ratios on between-ratio pausing in fixed-ratio schedulesen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1901/jeab.2012.98-295en_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfJournal of the Experimental Analysis of Behavioren_NZ
pubs.begin-page295en_NZ
pubs.elements-id38096
pubs.end-page309en_NZ
pubs.issue3en_NZ
pubs.volume98en_NZ


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