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dc.contributor.authorvan Zyl, Liezl
dc.contributor.authorWalker, Ruth
dc.coverage.spatialEnglanden_NZ
dc.date.accessioned2013-04-23T04:30:43Z
dc.date.available2013-04-23T04:30:43Z
dc.date.copyright2012-04-16
dc.date.issued2012
dc.identifier.citationvan Zyl, L., & Walker, R. (2012). Beyond altruistic and commercial contract motherhood: The professional model. Bioethics, published online 16 April 2012.en_NZ
dc.identifier.issn0269-9702
dc.identifier.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/10289/7514
dc.description.abstractIt has become common to distinguish between altruistic and commercial contract motherhood (or 'surrogacy'). Altruistic arrangements are based on the 'gift relationship': a woman is motivated by altruism to have a baby for an infertile couple, who are free to reciprocate as they see fit. By contrast, in commercial arrangements both parties are motivated by personal gain to enter a legally enforceable agreement, which stipulates that the contract mother or 'surrogate' is to bear a child for the intending parents in exchange for a fee. She is required to undergo medical examinations and to refrain from behaviour that could harm the foetus. The intending parents are the child's legal parents from the outset. The parties to the contract can, but are not expected to, maintain contact after the transaction is completed. We argue that contract motherhood should not be organized according to the norms of the gift relationship, and that contract mothers should be compensated for their labour. However, we accept that there are good reasons for rejecting the commercial model as a suitable framework for contract pregnancy, and argue, instead, in favour of viewing it as a profession.en_NZ
dc.language.isoen
dc.publisherWiley-Blackwellen_NZ
dc.relation.ispartofBioethics
dc.subjectcontract motherhooden_NZ
dc.subjectsurrogacyen_NZ
dc.subjectaltruismen_NZ
dc.subjectthe gift relationshipen_NZ
dc.subjectcommercial relationshipsen_NZ
dc.subjectprofessionsen_NZ
dc.titleBeyond altruistic and commercial contract motherhood: The professional modelen_NZ
dc.typeJournal Articleen_NZ
dc.identifier.doi10.1111/j.1467-8519.2012.01962.xen_NZ
dc.relation.isPartOfBioethicsen_NZ
pubs.begin-page373en_NZ
pubs.elements-id37834
pubs.end-page381en_NZ
pubs.issue7en_NZ
pubs.volume27en_NZ


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