John P. Godbaz, Michael J. Cree and Adrian A. Dorrington, “Closed-form inverses for the mixed pixel/multipath interference problem in AMCW lidar”, Computational Imaging X, Charles A. Bouman; Ilya Pollak; Patrick J. Wolfe, Editors, Proc. SPIE Vol 8296, 829618 (2012).
Permanent Research Commons link: https://hdl.handle.net/10289/7722
We present two new closed-form methods for mixed pixel/multipath interference separation in AMCW lidar systems. The mixed pixel/multipath interference problem arises from the violation of a standard range-imaging assumption that each pixel integrates over only a single, discrete backscattering source. While a numerical inversion method has previously been proposed, no close-form inverses have previously been posited. The first new method models reflectivity as a Cauchy distribution over range and uses four measurements at different modulation frequencies to determine the amplitude, phase and reflectivity distribution of up to two component returns within each pixel. The second new method uses attenuation ratios to determine the amplitude and phase of up to two component returns within each pixel. The methods are tested on both simulated and real data and shown to produce a significant improvement in overall error. While this paper focusses on the AMCW mixed pixel/multipath interference problem, the algorithms contained herein have applicability to the reconstruction of a sparse one dimensional signal from an extremely limited number of discrete samples of its Fourier transform.
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